Predicate: start

start: Frames file for 'start' based on survey of initial sentences of big corpus and comparison with 'begin'

Roleset id: start.01 , begin, Source: , vncls: 55.1-1, framnet:

start.01: Roleset corresponds to VN class begin-55.1-1

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: Agent (vnrole: 55.1-1-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: Theme(-Creation) (vnrole: 55.1-1-theme)
        Arg2-MNR: Instrument (vnrole: 55.1-1-instrument)

Example: basic transitive

        John started a book

        Arg0: John
        Rel: started
        Arg1: a book

Example: transitive-with

        John started the book with a murder

        Arg0: John
        Rel: started
        Arg1: the book
        Arg2: with a murder

Example: transitive-by

        Arg0 begin Arg1 by Arg2
        John started the book by describing a murder

        Arg0: John
        Rel: started
        Arg1: the book
        Arg2: describing a murder

Example: instrumental object

        The book started with a murder

        Arg1: The book
        Rel: started
        Arg2: with a murder

Example: instrumental subject

        A murder started the book

        Arg2: A murder
        Rel: started
        Arg1: the book

Example: with manner

        John started the book with glee

        Arg0: John
        Rel: started
        Arg1: the book
        Argm-mnr: with glee

Example: with manner again

        John started the book gladly

        Arg0: John
        Rel: started
        Arg1: the book
        Argm-mnr: gladly

Example: with temporal

        John started the book last night

        Arg0: John
        Rel: started
        Arg1: the book
        Argm-tmp: last night

Example: intransitive/inchoative

        Arg1 startedsimilarly: The movie will start soon
        A storm started

        Arg1: A storm
        Rel: started

Example: aspectual, no agent

        John started to sweat

        Arg1: [John][to sweat]
        Rel: started

Example: a little clearer

        The storm started to cause great destruction

        Arg1: [The storm][to cause great destruction]
        Rel: started

Example: aspectual, with agent

        Unlike "John started to sweat", in this case John has control over the action of the lower clause. Hence, his status as an agent here.
        person: ns,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        John started to eat the entire cake, then thought better of it.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: started
        Arg1: to eat the entire cake

Example: Medical-ish example

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Mary started a regimen of antibiotics.

        Arg0: Mary
        Rel: started
        Arg1: a regimen of antibiotics

Roleset id: start.06 , begin traveling toward, Source: , vncls: , framnet: -

start.06: Roleset added by Julia based on Brown corpus. Comparison to 'travel'.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: traveler
        Arg1-PPT: destination or path

Example: Classic example

        person: third,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: participle


        Arg0: Mary
        Rel: started
        Arg1: toward the door.

Roleset id: start.101 , To put someone on particular medicine or diet, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

start.101: Roleset based on instances in medical Q&A corpus. Framed by Claire. No relevant VerbNet entry.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: Doctor
        Arg1-PPT: Patient
        Arg2-MNR: medicine/diet/course of treatment

Example: All arguments

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Dr. Mary started the patient on antibiotics.

        Arg0: Dr. Mary
        Rel: started
        Arg1: the patient
        Arg2: on antibiotics

Example: with diet as arg2

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Any age is fine as long as you have started them on solids.

        Arg0: you
        Rel: started
        Arg1: them
        Arg2: on solids

Roleset id: start.03 , be startled, Source: , vncls: , framnet: -

start.03: Added by Julia based on call home.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: startled entity
        Arg1-CAU: cause of startlement

Example: both args

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        She started at the sound of the refrigerator kicking on in the next room.

        Arg0: She
        Rel: started
        Arg1: at the sound of the refrigerator kicking on in the next room


Predicate: start_off

Roleset id: start.02 , phrasal aspectual, Source: , vncls: 55.1-1, framnet:

start.02: Member of VN class begin-55.1-1...one of the few verb particle constructions in VN!

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: causal agent (vnrole: 55.1-1-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: event (vnrole: 55.1-1-theme)

Example: bellringing!

        Rounds is not strictly only a descending scale, but more properly any sequence of bells in sorted order by pitch; it needn't be a scale, since the sequence can skip a note in the scale depending on the population of the tower, and it needn't be descending. Ascending sequences (from lowest bell to highest) are only used to signal the death of a monarch, however. Gawd, I am such a geek.
        Proper English bells are started off in "rounds," from the highest-pitched bell to the lowest.

        Arg1: [Proper English bells][in "rounds," from the highest-pitched bell to the lowest.]
        Rel: started off

Example: Args 0 & 1

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Typical , Nickelodeon or Disney starts them off .

        Argm-adv: Typical,
        Arg0: Nickelodeon or Disney
        Rel: [starts][off]
        Arg1: them


Predicate: start_up

Roleset id: start.04 , begin, phrasal, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: Agent
        Arg1-PPT: Theme(-Creation)
        Arg2-MNR: Instrument
        Arg3-PRD: secondary predication on arg1


Predicate: start_out

Roleset id: start.05 , begin, phrasal, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: Agent
        Arg1-PPT: Object
        Arg2-PRD: secondary predication (can be used on arg0 or arg1)

Example: Intransitive

        Loretta started out as a volunteer.

        Arg0: Loretta
        Rel: started out
        Arg2: as a volunteer

Example: Transitive

        Loretta started Mordecai out as a cadet.

        Arg0: Loretta
        Rel: [started][out]
        Arg1: Mordecai
        Arg2: as a cadet


Predicate: start_in

Roleset id: start.07 , begin to harangue, Source: , vncls: , framnet: -

start.07: Added by Julia based on Call Home. No VNcls.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: speaker
        Arg1-PPT: topic of the harangue
        Arg2-GOL: hearer

Example: all args

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        My dad started in on me about not having a job.

        Arg0: My dad
        Rel: [started] [in]
        Arg2: on me
        Arg1: about not having a job


Predicate: start_over

Roleset id: start.08 , start_over: once more, from the top, Source: -, vncls: , framnet: -

start.08: Added by Julia based on BOLT. No VNcls.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: agent/cause of starting
        Arg1-PPT: thing starting again
        Arg2-DIR: starting point

Example: args 0 and 2, + ADV

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        And you-1 will have *PRO*-1 to start over from square 1 with the VA .

        Arg0: *PRO*-1
        Rel: [start] [over]
        Arg2: from square 1
        Argm-adv: with the VA

Example: all args

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        When I turned everything back on, it would not start at the point it was stopped, it merely started the movie over from the beginning.

        Arg0: it
        Argm-adv: merely
        Rel: [started] [over]
        Arg1: the movie
        Arg2: from the beginning