Predicate: start

Roleset id: start.01 , begin, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

start.01: START-V NOTES: Roleset corresponds to VN class begin-55.1-1 (from start.01-v) START-N NOTES: Roleset based on start.01. VN class begin 55.1. Framed by Katie. (from start.01-n) STARTING-N NOTES: ~start.01 (from starting.01-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
start (v.)
start (n.)
starting (n.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: Agent (vnrole: 55.1-1-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: Theme(-Creation) (vnrole: 55.1-1-theme)
        Arg2-MNR: Instrument (vnrole: 55.1-1-instrument)

Example: start-v: basic transitive

        John started a book

        Arg0: John
        Rel: started
        Arg1: a book

Example: start-v: transitive-with

        John started the book with a murder

        Arg0: John
        Rel: started
        Arg1: the book
        Arg2: with a murder

Example: start-v: transitive-by

        John started the book by describing a murder

        Arg0: John
        Rel: started
        Arg1: the book
        Arg2: describing a murder

Example: start-v: instrumental object

        The book started with a murder

        Arg1: The book
        Rel: started
        Arg2: with a murder

Example: start-v: instrumental subject

        A murder started the book

        Arg2: A murder
        Rel: started
        Arg1: the book

Example: start-v: with manner

        John started the book with glee

        Arg0: John
        Rel: started
        Arg1: the book
        Argm-mnr: with glee

Example: start-v: with manner again

        John started the book gladly

        Arg0: John
        Rel: started
        Arg1: the book
        Argm-mnr: gladly

Example: start-v: with temporal

        John started the book last night

        Arg0: John
        Rel: started
        Arg1: the book
        Argm-tmp: last night

Example: start-v: intransitive/inchoative

        A storm started

        Arg1: A storm
        Rel: started

Example: start-v: aspectual, no agent

        John started to sweat

        Arg1: [John][to sweat]
        Rel: started

Example: start-v: a little clearer

        The storm started to cause great destruction

        Arg1: [The storm][to cause great destruction]
        Rel: started

Example: start-v: aspectual, with agent

        person: ns,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        John started to eat the entire cake, then thought better of it.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: started
        Arg1: to eat the entire cake

Example: start-v: Medical-ish example

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Mary started a regimen of antibiotics.

        Arg0: Mary
        Rel: started
        Arg1: a regimen of antibiotics

Example: start-n: Arg 1 is often in a PP headed by 'of'

        the start of a less ambitious game

        Rel: start
        Arg1: of a less ambitious game

Example: start-n: When loc may look like arg 1

        his start in the movie business

        Arg0: his
        Rel: start
        Argm-loc: in the movie business

Example: start-n: example with arg 1 and tmp

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        The possible start of US troop withdrawals next year

        Rel: start
        Arg1: of US troop withdrawals
        Argm-tmp: next year

Example: start-n: Arg 0 and loc

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Solace got their start in the United States.

        Arg0: their
        Rel: start
        Argm-loc: in the United States

Example: start-n: Just because there is a 'value' does not mean the frame should automatically be start.02

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        lonely start in life

        Argm-mnr: lonely
        Rel: start
        Arg1: in life

Example: starting-n: Arg0, 1

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        He was entertained to a banquet at the Reform Club to celebrate his starting of the London Review in 1860.

        Arg0: his
        Rel: starting
        Arg1: of the London Review

Roleset id: start.06 , begin traveling toward, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

start.06: START-V NOTES: Roleset added by Julia based on Brown corpus. Comparison to 'travel'. (from start.06-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
start (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: traveler
        Arg1-LOC: path
        Arg2-GOL: destination

Example: start-v: Classic example

        person: third,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: participle

        Mary started toward the door

        Arg0: Mary
        Rel: started
        Arg2: toward the door.

Roleset id: start.101 , to put someone on particular medicine or diet, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

start.101: START-V NOTES: Roleset based on instances in medical Q& A corpus. Framed by Claire. No relevant VerbNet entry. (from start.101-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
start (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: Doctor
        Arg1-PPT: Patient
        Arg2-MNR: medicine/diet/course of treatment

Example: start-v: All arguments

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Dr. Mary started the patient on antibiotics.

        Arg0: Dr. Mary
        Rel: started
        Arg1: the patient
        Arg2: on antibiotics

Example: start-v: with diet as arg2

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Any age is fine as long as you have started them on solids.

        Arg0: you
        Rel: started
        Arg1: them
        Arg2: on solids

Roleset id: start.03 , be startled, reaction to surprise, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

start.03: START-V NOTES: Added by Julia based on call home. (from start.03-v) START-N NOTES: Added by Julia based on nouns-00060. No corresponding VNcls. (from start.03-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
start (v.)
start (n.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: startled entity
        Arg1-CAU: cause of startlement

Example: start-v: both args

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        She started at the sound of the refrigerator kicking on in the next room.

        Arg0: She
        Rel: started
        Arg1: at the sound of the refrigerator kicking on in the next room

Example: start-n: corpus example, no args

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        By day she dragged herself to work like a zombie , but in the middle of the night she would wake with a start , her heart pounding so hard she could n't breathe .

        Rel: start

Roleset id: start.09 , housing starts/attribute, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

start.09: START-N NOTES: No corresponding VN class. Framed by Katie. (from start.02-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
start (n.)

Roles:

        Arg1-PPT: theme
        Arg2-VSP: value
        Arg3-PPT: secondary-theme

Example: start-n: Example with args 1 and 3

        Private housing starts in Japan were unchanged in September froma year earlier at 144,610 units

        Arg1: Private housing
        Rel: starts
        Arg3: in Japan

Example: start-n: Example with arg 1 and 2

        weaker housing starts

        Arg2: weaker
        Arg1: housing
        Rel: starts

Example: start-n: Tmp and arg 1

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        November housing starts

        Argm-tmp: November
        Arg1: housing
        Rel: starts


Predicate: start_off

Roleset id: start_off.02 , phrasal aspectual, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

start_off.02: START_OFF-V NOTES: Member of VN class begin-55.1-1...one of the few verb particle constructions in VN! (from start.02-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
start_off (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: causal agent (vnrole: 55.1-1-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: event (vnrole: 55.1-1-theme)

Example: start_off-v: bellringing!

        Proper English bells are started off in "rounds," from the highest-pitched bell to the lowest.

        Arg1: [Proper English bells][in "rounds," from the highest-pitched bell to the lowest.]
        Rel: started off

Example: start_off-v: Args 0 & 1

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Typical , Nickelodeon or Disney starts them off .

        Argm-adv: Typical,
        Arg0: Nickelodeon or Disney
        Rel: [starts][off]
        Arg1: them


Predicate: start_up

Roleset id: start_up.04 , begin, phrasal, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

start_up.04: START_UP-V NOTES: (from start.04-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
start_up (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: Agent
        Arg1-PPT: Theme(-Creation)
        Arg2-MNR: Instrument
        Arg3-PRD: secondary predication on arg1

Example: start_up-v

        When-1 Southwest Airlines started up at Lambert *-1, it was with one gate and a scattering of destinations.

        Arg1: Southwest Airlines
        Rel: [started] [up]
        Argm-loc: at Lambert
        Argm-tmp: *-1


Predicate: start_out

Roleset id: start_out.05 , begin, phrasal, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

start_out.05: START_OUT-V NOTES: (from start.05-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
start_out (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: Agent
        Arg1-PPT: Object
        Arg2-PRD: secondary predication (can be used on arg0 or arg1)

Example: start_out-v: Intransitive

        Loretta started out as a volunteer.

        Arg0: Loretta
        Rel: started out
        Arg2: as a volunteer

Example: start_out-v: Transitive

        Loretta started Mordecai out as a cadet.

        Arg0: Loretta
        Rel: [started][out]
        Arg1: Mordecai
        Arg2: as a cadet


Predicate: start_in

Roleset id: start_in.07 , begin to harangue, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

start_in.07: START_IN-V NOTES: Added by Julia based on Call Home. No VNcls. (from start.07-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
start_in (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: speaker
        Arg1-PPT: topic of the harangue
        Arg2-GOL: hearer

Example: start_in-v: all args

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        My dad started in on me about not having a job.

        Arg0: My dad
        Rel: [started] [in]
        Arg2: on me
        Arg1: about not having a job


Predicate: start_over

Roleset id: start_over.08 , start_over: once more, from the top, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

start_over.08: START_OVER-V NOTES: Added by Julia based on BOLT. No VNcls. (from start.08-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
start_over (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: agent/cause of starting
        Arg1-PPT: thing starting again
        Arg2-DIR: starting point

Example: start_over-v: args 0 and 2, + ADV

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        And you-1 will have *PRO*-1 to start over from square 1 with the VA .

        Arg0: *PRO*-1
        Rel: [start] [over]
        Arg2: from square 1
        Argm-adv: with the VA

Example: start_over-v: all args

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        When I turned everything back on, it would not start at the point it was stopped, it merely started the movie over from the beginning.

        Arg0: it
        Argm-adv: merely
        Rel: [started] [over]
        Arg1: the movie
        Arg2: from the beginning