Predicate: speak

Roleset id: speak.01 , speak, Source: , vncls: 37.5 37.11-1, framnet: Text_creation , Statement , Chatting

speak.01: Based on sentences in financial subcorpus. Comparison to talk. Member of VNcls talk-37.5, lecture-37.11-1.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: talker (vnrole: 37.5-agent, 37.11-1-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: subject/language (vnrole: 37.5-topic, 37.11-1-topic)
        Arg2-GOL: hearer (vnrole: 37.5-co-agent, 37.11-1-recipient)

Example: just hearer

        He added that he had spoken with Mr. Laidig, whom he referred to as a friend, by telephone Monday evening.

        Arg0: he
        Rel: spoken
        Arg2: with Mr. Laidig, whom he referred to as a friend,
        Argm-mnr: by telephone
        Argm-tmp: Monday evening

Example: subject and hearer

        Mary spoke to John about his atrocious breath.

        Arg0: Mary
        Rel: spoke
        Arg2: to John
        Arg1: about his atrocious breath

Example: just subject

        John spoke at length about the dangers of breathing paint fumes.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: spoke
        Argm-tmp: at length
        Arg1: about the dangers of breathing paint fumes

Example: variant: speak a language

        John speaks 15 languages.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: speaks
        Arg1: 15 languages


Predicate: speak_up

Roleset id: speak.02 , speak up: make yourself heard, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: speaker

Example: intransitive

        If conservatives don't support an increase in the IMF's capital, then it is incumbent on them-1 *trace*-1 to speak up now and explain the alternative.

        Arg0: *trace*
        Rel: [ speak] [ up]
        Argm-tmp: now


Predicate: speak_out

Roleset id: speak.03 , speak out: make yourself heard, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: speaker
        Arg1-PPT: topic

Example: no topic

        person: ns,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        Mr. Pilson says that when-1 he spoke out a few years ago [*T*-1], ``I didn't say forever, and I didn't say every property.''

        Arg0: he
        Rel: [spoke] [out]
        Argm-tmp: [*T*-1]
        Argm-tmp: a few years ago

Example: with topic

        person: ns,  tense: present,  aspect: perfect,  voice: active,  form: participle

        Several of the city's black leaders, including Democratic mayoral nominee David Dinkins, have spoken out for racial gerrymandering to accord blacks and Hispanics ``the fullest opportunity for representation.''

        Arg0: Several of the city's black leaders, including Democratic mayoral nominee David Dinkins
        Rel: spoken out
        Arg1: for racial gerrymandering to accord blacks and Hispanics ``the fullest opportunity for representation