Predicate: speak

Roleset id: speak.01 , speak, lecturing, talking, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

speak.01: SPEAK-V NOTES: Based on sentences in financial subcorpus. Comparison to talk. Member of VNcls talk-37.5, lecture-37.11-1. (from speak.01-v) SPEAKING-N NOTES: Added by Julia based on BOLT-5, speak-v.01. Corresponds to VNcls talk-37.5, lecture-37.11-1. (from speaking.01-n) SPEECH-N NOTES: Roleset based on speak.01. Verbnet class talk-37.5. Framed by Katie. (from speech.01-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
speech (n.)
speak (v.)Text_creation Statement Chatting37.5 37.11-1
speaking (n.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: talker (vnrole: 37.5-agent, 37.11-1-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: subject (vnrole: 37.5-topic, 37.11-1-topic)
        Arg2-GOL: hearer (vnrole: 37.5-co-agent, 37.11-1-recipient)
        Arg3-PPT: language

Example: speak-v: just hearer

        He added that he had spoken with Mr. Laidig, whom he referred to as a friend, by telephone Monday evening.

        Arg0: he
        Rel: spoken
        Arg2: with Mr. Laidig, whom he referred to as a friend,
        Argm-mnr: by telephone
        Argm-tmp: Monday evening

Example: speak-v: subject and hearer

        Mary spoke to John about his atrocious breath.

        Arg0: Mary
        Rel: spoke
        Arg2: to John
        Arg1: about his atrocious breath

Example: speak-v: just subject

        John spoke at length about the dangers of breathing paint fumes.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: spoke
        Argm-tmp: at length
        Arg1: about the dangers of breathing paint fumes

Example: speak-v: arg3

        John speaks 15 languages.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: speaks
        Arg3: 15 languages

Example: speaking-n: args 0, 2

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        We need to stay in the presence of God until He has finished His speaking to us.

        Arg0: His
        Rel: speaking
        Arg2: to us

Example: speaking-n: args 0, 3

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        I was surprised by HIS SPEAKING German so fluently.

        Arg0: his
        Rel: speaking
        Arg3: German
        Argm-mnr: so fluently

Example: speech-n: Example with args 0 and 1

        his first major arms-control speech

        Arg0: his
        Arg1: arms-control
        Rel: speech

Example: speech-n: Example with speaker and group spoken to

        Mr. Kemp's speech to the Mortgage Bankers Association

        Arg0: Mr. Kemp's
        Rel: speech
        Arg2: to the Mortgage Bankers Association

Example: speech-n: Arg 2 can seem like the name of a speech when it really is the audience

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        The Des Moines speech

        Arg2: Des Moines
        Rel: speech

Example: speech-n: All Args present. If you have a real speech name, then it is arg 1

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        The President's axis of evil speech before congress

        Arg0: The President's
        Arg1: axis of evil
        Rel: speech
        Arg2: before congress

Roleset id: speak.04 , speak_to: give evidence of or comments on; address an issue, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

speak.04: SPEAK-V NOTES:

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
speak (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: commenter
        Arg1-PPT: commented on, issue addressed

Example: speak-v

        this speaks directly to the accusation of being an enabler

        Arg0: this
        Rel: speaks
        Argm-mnr: directly
        Arg1: to the accusation of being an enabler


Predicate: speak_up

Roleset id: speak_up.02 , speak up: make yourself heard, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

speak_up.02: SPEAK_UP-V NOTES: (from speak.02-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
speak_up (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: speaker

Example: intransitive

        If conservatives don't support an increase in the IMF's capital, then it is incumbent on them-1 *trace*-1 to speak up now and explain the alternative.

        Arg0: *trace*
        Rel: [ speak] [ up]
        Argm-tmp: now


Predicate: speak_out

Roleset id: speak_out.03 , speak out: make yourself heard, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

speak_out.03: SPEAK_OUT-V NOTES: (from speak.03-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
speak_out (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: speaker
        Arg1-PPT: topic

Example: no topic

        person: ns,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        Mr. Pilson says that when-1 he spoke out a few years ago [*T*-1], ``I didn't say forever, and I didn't say every property.''

        Arg0: he
        Rel: [spoke] [out]
        Argm-tmp: [*T*-1]
        Argm-tmp: a few years ago

Example: with topic

        person: ns,  tense: present,  aspect: perfect,  voice: active,  form: participle

        Several of the city's black leaders, including Democratic mayoral nominee David Dinkins, have spoken out for racial gerrymandering to accord blacks and Hispanics ``the fullest opportunity for representation.''

        Arg0: Several of the city's black leaders, including Democratic mayoral nominee David Dinkins
        Rel: spoken out
        Arg1: for racial gerrymandering to accord blacks and Hispanics ``the fullest opportunity for representation