Predicate: use

Roleset id: use.01 , take advantage of, utilise, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

use.01: USE-V NOTES: The final example demonstrates that the Locative can cooccur with the Arg2: Mr. Pickens was used in talks with Japan to highlight the problem The other Arg2's cannot cooccur in this way. VerbNet classes consume-66, use-105 and fit-54.3. VN classes updated by Claire. (from use.01-v) USE-N NOTES: Roleset based on use.01. Verbnet mapping use 105. Framed by Katie (from use.01-n)


use (v.)Using Intentionally_affect Ingest_substance66, 105.1, 39.1-3
using (n.)
use (n.)
make_use (l.)


        Arg0-PAG: User (vnrole: 66-agent, 105.1-agent, 39.1-3-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing used (vnrole: 66-asset, 105.1-theme, 39.1-3-patient)
        Arg2-PRP: purpose (vnrole: 105.1-predicate, 66-goal)

Example: ARG0 and ARG1

        Chang says that many parents use praise without making it clear to the child just what he is being praised for , and this " cheats " the child rather than showing him true respect .

        Arg0: many parents
        Rel: use
        Arg1: praise
        Argm-mnr: without making it clear to the child just what he is being praised for

Example: use-v: argumentative purpose

        Loews used a mechanical process to make filters.

        Arg0: Loews
        Rel: used
        Arg1: a mechanical process
        Arg2-pnc: to make filters

Example: use-v: gerund as arg2

        Lorillard used asbestos in making cigarettes

        Arg0: Lorillard
        Rel: used
        Arg1: asbestos
        Arg2: in making cigarettes

Example: use-v: arg2 as attribute

        Apple II owners used their television sets as screens.

        Arg0: Apple II owners
        Rel: used
        Arg1: their television sets
        Arg2: as screens

Example: use-v: arg2 as PP

        The government uses safety requirements for automobiles.

        Arg0: The government
        Rel: uses
        Arg1: safety requirements
        Arg2: for automobiles

Example: use-v: locative

        Loews Corp. used crocidolite in Micronite cigarette filters.

        Arg0: Loews Corp.
        Rel: used
        Arg1: crocidolite
        Argm-loc: in Micronite cigarette filters

Example: use-n: Example with all args

        Their use of black and white in advertising

        Arg0: their
        Rel: use
        Arg1: of black and white
        Arg2: in advertising

Example: use-n: When to use Arg 2 rather than Arg 1

        CFC use in appliance manufacture

        Arg1: CFC
        Rel: use
        Arg2: in appliance manufacture

Example: use-n: All args present

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Steroid use by players in professional basketball

        Arg1: Steroid
        Rel: use
        Arg0: by player
        Arg2: in professional basketball

Example: use-n: When to use arg 1

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Isrealis who have been firing rubber bullets stepped up their use of real ones.

        Arg0: Their
        Rel: use
        Arg1: of real ones.

Roleset id: use.02 , accustomed to, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

use.02: USE-V NOTES: exclusively past "used to"? Dangerously close to the aspectual usage. (from use.02-v) USED-J NOTES: Added by Julia based on SMS. (from used.02-j)


use (v.)
used (j.)


        Arg0-PAG: Accustomed
        Arg1-PPT: custom

Example: used-j: Do not tag 'to' as a part of the rel!

        Investors are used to quarterly payments

        Arg0: Investors
        Rel: used
        Arg1: to quarterly payments

Roleset id: use.03 , modal, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

use.03: USE-V NOTES: Do not tag 'to' as a part of the rel! (from use.03-v predicate notes)


use (v.)


Example: unk

        Huang Hao - chuan , an importer , exporter and processor of gems , says that crystals in Taiwan used to come exclusively from Brazil and Russia , but recently mainland China and Madagascar have emerged as additional sources of supply .

        Rel: used

Predicate: use_up

Roleset id: use_up.04 , use completely, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

use_up.04: USE_UP-V NOTES: Roleset based on instances in webtext-1000-1999. Framed by Claire. (from use.04-v)


use_up (v.)


        Arg0-PAG: User
        Arg1-PPT: Thing used
        Arg2-PRP: For what purpose

Example: use_up-v:

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        He said that the difficult equation in the region is that of *PRO* achieving food security since food production uses up around 80 % of Arab water resources .

        Arg0: Food production
        Rel: [uses][up]
        Arg1: around 80 % of Arab water resources.

Predicate: useful

Roleset id: useful.05 , offering benefit to a purpose, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

useful.05: USEFUL-J NOTES: Added by Julia based on BOLT-4,5. Close relation to use.01, but extends slightly beyond the boundaries of the verb's arg1. Relation to 'useless'. (from useful.01-j)


useful (j.)Usefulness


        Arg0-GOL: beneficiary
        Arg1-PPT: thing offering benefit
        Arg2-PRP: for what purpose

Example: useful-j: arg1

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        And once I die , then take my body and do whatever-1 [*-1] is useful with it .

        Arg1: [*-1]
        Rel: useful