Predicate: translate

Roleset id: translate.01 , change (language), Source: , vncls: , framnet:

translate.01: TRANSLATE-V NOTES: Comparison with 'change'. Member of Vncls turn-26.6.1. Updated by Julia. (from translate.01-v) TRANSLATION-N NOTES: Added by Julia based on BOLT, translate.01. Corresponds to VNcls turn-26.6.1. (from translation.01-n)


translation (n.)Translating
translate (v.)Translating Translating Be_translation_equivalent Categorization


        Arg0-PAG: causer of transformation (vnrole: 26.6.1-Agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing changing (vnrole: 26.6.1-Patient)
        Arg2-PRD: end state (vnrole: 26.6.1-Result)
        Arg3-VSP: start state (vnrole: 26.6.1-Material)

Example: passive, unstated start state

        person: ns,  tense: present,  aspect: ns,  voice: passive,  form: participle

        The profit gain was made despite a weakening in the housing market, for which the company is a supplier, and a strengthening in the dollar, which lowers the value of overseas earnings when [they]-1 are translated *trace*-1 into dollars.

        Rel: translated
        Arg1: *trace*-1
        Arg2: into dollars

Example: ergative

        person: ns,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        That gain probably translated into about 5% to 7% in dollar terms, well below recent quarters' gains of above 20%, reckons Jay Stevens of Dean Witter Reynolds.

        Arg1: That gain
        Argm-adv: probably
        Rel: translated
        Arg2: into about 5 % to 7 % in dollar terms , well below recent quarters ' gains of above 20 %

Example: all args

        person: ns,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        John translated his dissertation from English into Swahili, Chinese, Russian, and Yiddish.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: translated
        Arg1: his dissertation
        Arg3: from English
        Arg2: into Swahili, Chinese, Russian, and Yiddish.

Example: arg3

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Translation out of hype - speak : some kook made threatening noises at Brownback and got arrested . The end .

        Rel: translation
        Arg3: out of hype - speak

Example: args 0, 1, 2

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        The Pope was so infuriated by his teachings and his translation of the Bible into English, that 44 years after Wycliffe had died, he ordered the bones to be dug-up, crushed, and scattered in the river!

        Arg0: his
        Rel: translation
        Arg1: of the Bibile
        Arg2: into English

Roleset id: translate.02 , biology: mRNA to protein, Source: , vncls: , framnet:


translate (v.)
translation (n.)


        For Bio-AMR annotations.
        Arg0-PAG: intentional agent of translation (e.g. scientist)
        Arg1-PPT: thing translated (messenger RNA)
        Arg2-PRD: product of translation (protein)

Example: example with agent

        When we translated the protein sequence we did not splice the mRNA to remove introns.

        Arg0: we
        Rel: translated
        Arg2: the protein sequence

Example: example with source

        First, the protein was translated from an mRNA rather than produced through polyprotein processing.

        Arg2: the protein
        Rel: translated
        Arg1: from an mRNA