Predicate: stiffen

Roleset id: stiffen.01 , (make) become stiff, becoming or causing to become stiff, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

stiffen.01: STIFFEN-V NOTES: Based on WSJ. Member of VNcls other_cos-45.4. (from stiffen.01-v) STIFFENING-N NOTES: ~stiffen-v.01. Corresponds to VNcls other_cos-45.4. (from stiffening.01-n)


stiffen (v.)
stiffening (n.)


        Arg0-PAG: cause of stiffness (vnrole: 45.4-Agent)
        Arg1-PPT: newly-stiff thing (vnrole: 45.4-Patient)

Example: stiffen-v: passive with cause

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: passive,  form: participle

        [The Pathet Lao]-2, [*-2]-3 stiffened [*-3] by Communist Veterans fromneighboring North Viet Nam, were supplied by Soviet aircraft.

        Rel: stiffened
        Arg1: [*-3]
        Arg0: by Communist Veterans from neighboring North Viet Nam

Example: stiffen-v: unaccusative

        person: ns,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        When-3 the cloth dried and stiffened [*T*-3], he saw whatadjustments had to be made.

        Arg1: the cloth
        Rel: stiffened
        Argm-tmp: [*T*-3]

Example: stiffening-n: Arg1

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        After years of rheumatoid arthritis, the stiffening of Nigel's joints had become quite severe.

        Rel: stiffening
        Arg1: of Nigel's joints

Predicate: stiff

Roleset id: stiff.02 , inflexible, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

stiff.02: STIFF-J NOTES: Based on medical data. Comparison with stiffen.01-v and flexible.02-j. Framed by Katie and Nick. (from stiff.01-j)


stiff (j.)


        Arg1-PPT: stiff thing

Example: stiff-j: likely to occur with a mnr or ext

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Neck: *PRO* slightly stiff

        Arg1: *PRO*
        Argm-ext: slightly
        Rel: stiff

Roleset id: stiff.03 , fail to pay or give appropriately, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

stiff.03: STIFF-V, STIFFING-N NOTES: Added by Julia for AMR. Comparison to pay.01.


stiff (v.)
stiffing (n.)


        Arg0-PAG: poor giver
        Arg1-VSP: amount not given
        Arg2-GOL: entity not receiving enough
        Arg3-PPT: commodity, debt not paid for

Example: stiff-v

        They stiffed him $5 on the tip

        Arg0: They
        Rel: stiffed
        Arg2: him
        Arg1: $5
        Arg3: on the tip

Example: stiff-v

        The deficit, TRUE unemployment numbers, the unemployment numbers they pelt on us, Obaminationcare, Dodd/Frank Bill, Refusal of the Pipeline, Offshore Drilling memorandum, *PRO* stiffing natural gas exploration, Gas prices approaching $4 a gallon, failed stimulus plans, further erosion of our manufacturing base, record food stamps claims, increasing poverty rates, record foreclosure rate, record homes underwater rate and the list goes on and on.

        Arg0: *PRO*
        Rel: stiffing
        Arg3: natural gas exploration

Roleset id: stiff.04 , strong, tough, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

stiff.04: STIFF-J NOTES:


stiff (j.)


        Arg0-PAG: what one is stiff in the face of; opponent
        Arg1-PPT: entity or activity showing toughness

Example: stiff-j

        stiff competition

        Rel: stiff