Predicate: reduce

Roleset id: reduce.01 , make less, lessening, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

reduce.01: REDUCE-V NOTES: VN classes limit-76, subjugate-42.3. (from reduce.01-v) REDUCTION-N NOTES: Added by Julia based on reduce-v.01. Corresponds to VNcls limit-76, subjugate-42.3. (from reduction.01-n) REDUCED-J NOTES: Automatically created by Julia as an alias file for unification. (from reduced.01-j)


reduced (j.)
reduction (n.)Cause_expansion Cause_change_of_position_on_a_scale
reduce (v.)


        Arg0-PAG: Agent (vnrole: 76-cause, 42.3-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: Logical subject, patient, thing falling (vnrole: 76-patient, 42.3-patient)
        Arg2-EXT: EXT, amount fallen
        Arg3-DIR: Start point
        Arg4-GOL: End point, end state of arg1 (vnrole: 76-goal)
        Argm-LOC: Medium

Example: transitive

        Mr. Stronach will reduce overhead.

        Arg0: Mr Stronach
        Rel: reduce
        Arg1: overhead

Example: with start and end points

        The company will reduce employment to less than 16,000 from about 18,000.

        Arg0: The company
        Rel: reduce
        Arg1: employment
        Arg4: to less than 16,000
        Arg3: from about 18,000

Example: with extent

        Claims from Hurricane Hugo reduced results $40 million.

        Arg0: Claims from Hurricane Hugo
        Rel: reduced
        Arg1: results
        Arg2: $40 million

Example: end point as infinitive

        Senior members are reduced to raising doomed parliamentary obstacles.

        Arg1: Senior members are reduced
        Rel: reduced
        Arg4: to raising doomed parliamentary obstacles

Example: ARG0 and ARG1 and ARG2

        Under the Kyoto Protocol , 38 developed countries have to reduce emissions by more than 5 % over the next 10 years .

        Arg0: 38 developed countries
        Rel: reduce
        Arg1: emissions
        Arg2: by more than 5 %
        Argm-tmp: over the next 10 years

Example: args 1 and 2

        a 24 % reduction in its work force over the next two months

        Arg2: 24 %
        Rel: reduction
        Arg1: in its work force
        Argm-tmp: over the next two months

Example: args 0 and 1

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Mr. Dillow said he believes that a reduction in raw material stockbuilding by industry could lead to a sharp drop in imports .

        Rel: reduction
        Arg1: in raw material stockbuilding
        Arg0: by industry

Example: args 2 and 3

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        That could pose a problem trying to meet a 10 percent reduction from last winter's average water usage.

        Arg2: 10 percent
        Rel: reduction
        Arg3: from last winter's average water usage

Example: args 1 and 4

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        It may be that we have not explained by this method everything connected with vital phenomena, since their reduction to physical laws is as yet incomplete:

        Arg1: their
        Rel: reduction
        Arg4: to physical laws