Predicate: howl

Roleset id: howl.01 , emit howl, speak howlingly, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

howl.01: HOWL-V NOTES: Based on WSJ. Verbnet entries manner_speaking-37.3, animal_sounds-38, nonverbal_expression-40.2. (from howl.01-v)


howl (v.)Make_noise Communication_noise


        Arg0-PAG: howler (vnrole: 38-Agent, 40.2-Agent, 37.3-Agent)
        Arg1-PPT: utterance, cognate object (vnrole: 38-Theme, 37.3-Topic, 40.2-Theme)
        Arg2-GOL: listener (vnrole: 38-Recipient, 40.2-Recipient, 37.3-Recipient)

Example: like a wolf

        person: ns,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        John howled at the moon.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: howled
        Arg2: at the moon

Example: ARG1 and ARG0

        [“I am Doctor Sax!”]-1 he howled *trace*-1 at the butler.

        Arg0: he
        Rel: howled
        Arg1: *trace*-1
        Arg2: at the butler.

Roleset id: howl.02 , make howling noises while moving, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

howl.02: HOWL-V NOTES: Member of VNcls sound_emission-43.2. (from howl.02-v)


howl (v.)Motion_noise


        Arg0-PPT: entity in motion (vnrole: 43.2-Theme)
        Arg1-LOC: path (vnrole: 43.2-Location)

Example: the one example from the corpus

        person: ns,  tense: future,  aspect: progressive,  voice: active,  form: participle

        Then the whole thing will start to collapse, just as it did in the 1970s, and the ghosts and banshees will be howling through the place turning people's hair white.

        Argm-tmp: Then
        Arg0: the ghosts and banshees
        Argm-mod: will
        Rel: howling
        Arg1: through the place
        Argm-adv: turning people's hair white

Roleset id: howl.03 , bad weather, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

howl.03: HOWL-V NOTES: Possibly mergable with howl.01 Belongs to VN class weather-57. (from howl.03-v)


howl (v.)Motion_noise


        Arg0-PAG: wind, etc.
        Arg1-PPT: cognate object (gusts, a gale, etc.) (vnrole: 57-Theme)

Example: stormy weather

        person: third,  tense: present,  aspect: progressive,  voice: active,  form: participle

        ``The wind is really howling outside,'' John said.

        Arg0: The wind
        Argm-dis: really
        Rel: howling
        Argm-loc: outside

Example: both args

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        The wind howled a gale outside my bedroom window all night long.

        Arg0: The wind
        Rel: howled
        Arg1: a gale
        Argm-loc: outside my bedroom window
        Argm-tmp: all night long