year-n; 8 Senses

Sense Number 1: a cyclical span of time defined by a calendar system

NOTE: refers to any calendar date system, including those of different cultures and religions.

2009 is not a leap year.
A man first walked on the moon in the year 1968.
Pete replaced his car battery every three years. (three consecutive calendar years)
What year were you born?
There is free bus service on campus during the school year, but not during the summer recess.
Our company's fiscal year ends in June. (bookkeeping activity)
Political passions run high during an election year.
The Chinese new year begins on a different day than the new year on the Gregorian calendar.
John made a lot of money last year.
It's the fourth year in a row they've won the tournament.

WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 1, 2

Sense Number 2: Placeholder: Do Not Choose


WordNet 0.0 Sense Numbers: Placeholder Sense

Sense Number 3: time for one full rotation of planet around a sun

NOTE: choose this sense when a planet's rotation around a star is referred to.

An astronomical earth year is slightly longer than 365 days.
A Martian year takes 687 of our earth days.
The sidereal year of earth is 20 minutes longer than the astronomical year because of precession.
Once a year the earth passes through the Leonids comet stream which produces a big meteor shower.

WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 3

Sense Number 4: a group of students in the same class level


John and Pete were in the same year at medical school.
Johnny is two years ahead of his sister in elementary school.
This year's new graduate students are an especially talented group.
Bob is a second year at Wharton.

WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 4

Sense Number 5: a temporal identifier of a class of products, often wine

NOTE: Choose this sense when 'year' identifies a set of products created in that timeframe
NOTE: For phrases such as 'last year, he planted wheat in that field' choose Sense1 because 'year' in this case does not directly modify a product or crop.

2005 was an exceptional vintage year for Bordeaux.
Last year's models of cars are all on sale now.
All the domestic cars from that year were required to have air bags.

WordNet 0.0 Sense Numbers: 2b

Sense Number 6: an approximate, informal measure of a long time

Commentary:YEAR[+quantity][+approximate][+time_span][+long] Choose this sense for a vague time span; 'year' will be in the plural and have no specific quantifiers, e.g., 'three' 'one' Choose Sense 1 for phrases such as 'four years ago' 'last year', these use specific quantifiers.

The old library burned down years and years ago.
It'll take years to dig out of this financial mess.
For many years the two brothers were not on speaking terms.
Some years ago there was a big fire on Main Street. ('some' 'many' are general, not specific quantifiers on 'year')

WordNet 0.0 Sense Numbers: 4

Sense Number 7: the age of a person or thing

NOTE: most often occurs in the plural.

The boy seemed wise beyond his twelve years.
Mary's daughter is three years old.
This beauty product will take ten years off your age! (you will appear to be a younger age)
The constant stress of the job had added years to his appearance. (his apparent age)
That house is one hundred years old.

WordNet 0.0 Sense Numbers: 3

Sense Number 8: something done repetitiously or continuously

Commentary:Idiom: year_in_and_year_out

They rented the same beach cottage year in and year out.
Mary was growing tired of the same old routine at work year in and year out.

WordNet 0.0 Sense Numbers: Idiom