# set-v; 12 Senses

### Sense Number 1: put, place, position

Commentary: Transitive. NP1 SET NP2 (PP/ADV) Includes abstract placing in a context, scenario, etc.. Includes: SET APART; SET ASHORE; SET ASIDE; SET BACK; SET DOWN; SET FORTH; SET OUT; SET TO MUSIC

Examples:
Set your purse on the table.
I'm going to set a couple of rose bushes along the back of the house.
The novel is set 50 years in the future.
When Franklin was a printer's apprentice, he had to set type by hand.
Einstein's genius set him apart from the others.
As soon as the ship docked, they were set ashore.
Please set aside 3 cartons for me.
He tried to set down his thoughts on paper.
Let's set back the meeting an hour to give him time to prepare.
She set forth her reasons, one by one.
Shall I set out your clothes?
That bone never set properly.
He set his jaw and refused to comply.
The carpenter set the nail firmly.

Mappings:
VerbNet: put-9.1-2
FrameNet: Placing
PropBank: set.01,set.09
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 1, 9, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17
WordNet Verb Particle Constructions, Multiword Expressions:
set_ashore 1
set_apart 1
set_forth 1
set_back 1
set_to_music 1
set_down 1, 3, 4, 5, 6
set_out 2
set_aside 1, 2

### Sense Number 2: go down, sink

Commentary: Intransitive NP1 SET[-transitive] (PP)

Examples:
At one time the sun never set on the British Empire.

Mappings:
VerbNet: NM
FrameNet: NM
PropBank: NM
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 10

### Sense Number 3: fix, determine, establish

Commentary: NP1 SET NP2[+abstract] (often a quantity or measurement) Includes: SET AHEAD

Examples:
We don't have to always let her set the rules.
Try your equations with X set to a negative number.
The bank set interest rates on their long-term CDs at 5 percent.
With that time, the runner has just set a new world record.
Set the clock for daylight saving time, please.

Mappings:
VerbNet: establish-55.5
FrameNet: NM
PropBank: set.01,set.02,set.06
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 2, 3, 4, 23
WordNet Verb Particle Constructions, Multiword Expressions:

### Sense Number 4: prepare (something) for a particular purpose

Commentary: Includes: SET UP

Examples:
These packages were set to go yesterday.
Your printer is all set.
Will you set the table, please?
How do you set up this tent?
We're not set up to receive messages from offshore.
I set up my schedule so that I'm home by 4:00 every day.
We should set up a committee to look into that.
The American Red Cross was set up in 1881 to aid victims of war and natural disasters.
He set all the kitchen knives beautifully.
You won't have time to set your hair before the wedding.
The jeweler set rubies around the central diamond.

Mappings:
VerbNet: braid-41.1.2,preparing-26.3-2
FrameNet: Arranging,Intentionally_create
PropBank: set.03,set.08
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 6, 7, 21, 22, 25
WordNet Verb Particle Constructions, Multiword Expressions:
set_up 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 18

### Sense Number 5: (cause to) assume a condition or state

Commentary: NP1 SET NP2[+patient]

Examples:
Don't add the pineapple until the gelatin has set at least partially.
Winter has set in.

Mappings:
VerbNet: other_cos-45.4-1
FrameNet: Change_of_consistency
PropBank: NM
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 14

### Sense Number 6: cause to begin an activity

Commentary:
NOTE: Compare to sense 7. This sense includes transitive uses only. Includes: SET ABOUT; SET FORTH; SET IN MOTION; SET OFF, SET OUT; SET UP; SET IN

Examples:
I hope the verdict doesn't set off a riot.
I set him to work on the windows.
His rash words set in motion a chain of events he would intensely regret.
The terrorists set off another bomb this morning.
The scientists set up a shock wave.
We set out to save the Shire, Sam.
She set about contacting all the parents.
He set into his food with gusto.

Mappings:
VerbNet: begin-51.5,confront-98,engender-27
FrameNet: Cause_to_start,Departing
PropBank: set.05
WordNet Verb Particle Constructions, Multiword Expressions:
set_forth 2
set_about 1, 2, 3
set_up 8
set_off 1, 2, 4, 6, 7
set_in 1, 3
set_out 1
set_in_motion 1

### Sense Number 7: leave

Commentary:
NOTE: Compare to sense 6. This sense includes intransitive uses only. Includes: SET OFF, SET OUT

Examples:
They set off on their morning walk.
The ships set out at dawn.

Mappings:
VerbNet: escape-51.1
FrameNet: Departing,Setting_out
PropBank: set.04,set.07
WordNet Verb Particle Constructions, Multiword Expressions:
set_off 2
set_out 1, 3

### Sense Number 8: ensnare, frame, arrange through deceit

Commentary: Includes: SET UP

Examples:
I was set up!
That election was set up so she would win.

Mappings:
VerbNet: NM
FrameNet: NM
PropBank: set.08
WordNet Verb Particle Constructions, Multiword Expressions:
set_up 7, 11

### Sense Number 9: (cause to) attack

Commentary: Includes: SET IN, SET ON, SET UPON

Examples:
He swore he'd set the dogs on them.
She was set upon by wolves.
That gale could set in on us with the next high tide.

Mappings:
VerbNet: NM
FrameNet: Attack
PropBank: set.02
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 19
WordNet Verb Particle Constructions, Multiword Expressions:
set_upon 1
set_in 2
set_on 1

### Sense Number 10: reproduce,fructify

Examples:
These old trees in the orchard may not set.

Mappings:
VerbNet: NM
FrameNet: NM
PropBank: set.08
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 24

### Sense Number 11: dialect for SIT

Examples:
I was jus' settin' there, when up walked the new pastor.

Mappings:
VerbNet: NM
FrameNet: NM
PropBank: NM

### Sense Number 12: multi-word expressions/MWEs

Commentary: Includes: SET ABLAZE; SET AFIRE; SET AFLAME; SET BACK; SET DOWN; SET FREE; SET ON FIRE; SET OFF

Examples:
They believe vandals set fire to the school.
Lightning set the forest ablaze.
The truth will set you free.
My daughter's wedding set me back \$20,000.
That white coat really sets off your dark hair.

Mappings:
VerbNet: NM
FrameNet: Cause_change_of_consistency,Releasing,Setting_fire
PropBank: NM
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 5, 13
WordNet Verb Particle Constructions, Multiword Expressions:
set_afire 1
set_back 2, 3
set_free 1
set_aflame 1
set_off 3, 5
set_down 2
set_on_fire 1
set_ablaze 1