rest-n; 8 Senses

Sense Number 1: a remainder, the amount left over

Commentary: REST[+quantity][+remainder]

We ate the rest of the pie for dessert tonight.
After a pleasant Friday evening, it rained for the rest of the weekend.
As for the rest, they can fend for themselves! (implies a larger group)

PropBank: NM
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 1

Sense Number 2: a state of repose or relaxation

Commentary: REST[+state][+relaxation] X{+subject} REST
NOTE: implies a subject experiencing repose, not necessarily relief from an irritant (see Sense 3)

You'll feel much better after a good night's rest.
Everyone needed a rest after the month-long push to get the project finished.
We got snacks at the concession stand during one of the rest periods of the game.
Couldn't we give this issue a rest for a while? (metaphoric extension, leave it)

PropBank: rest.01
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 2

Sense Number 3: the cessation of something unpleasant, relief

Commentary: REST[+state][+change][+cessation][+irritant]
NOTE: implies relief from a specific source of bother or irritant, different from Sense 2
NOTE: REST FROM X{+irritant}

We finally got some rest from the jackhammers in the street below.
The fields lay fallow for a year to let the land have a rest from over cultivation.
He could find no rest from the accusatory voices in his head.

PropBank: NM

Sense Number 4: a state of inactivity, relative motionlessness

Commentary: REST[+state][-motion]
NOTE: implies lack of motion or movement, refers to inanimate objects as well as animate ones
NOTE: often in the expression 'at rest'

The rest energy of a particle is equal to its rest mass times the speed of light squared, E = Mc2.
That athlete's pule at rest is fifty beats a minute. (body is still, not moving)
Bodies at rest are always defined relative to a frame of reference, not absolutely.

PropBank: rest.01
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 4

Sense Number 5: the state of death

Commentary: REST[+state][+death]
NOTE: a narrow, special usage of Sense 4, implies a living creature permanently inactivated.
NOTE: often in the expression 'lay to rest'

Her grandparents are both laid to rest in the town cemetery.
After ninety years of living, he finally found his eternal rest.
That old superstition has finally been laid to rest. (metaphoric extension).

PropBank: NM
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 5

Sense Number 6: a physical structure that provides support, bears weight

Commentary: REST[+structure][+support][+weight_bearing]

Tell the children not to stand on the chair rests!
The bird found a rest to perch on in the hemlock tree.
This special rest holds a machine gun.

PropBank: NM
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 6

Sense Number 7: a musical notation indicating a pause

Commentary: REST[+notation][+musical][+pause]
NOTE: refers to written musical notation in a score

The score indicates a full rest at the end of measure 16.
The pianist believes this is a typo, the composer did not intend a half rest in the fourth measure.

PropBank: NM
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 7

Sense Number 8: a small interval of time without sound, a pause

Commentary: REST[+quantity][+interval][+time][+pause]
NOTE: refers to the actual pause in time during a musical or reading performance.

The singer has two whole rests before beginning the next portion of the aria.
The poet used rests during his recitation, to emphasize the rhythms in the blank verse.

PropBank: NM
WordNet 0.0 Sense Numbers: 1c