recognize-v; 3 Senses

Sense Number 1: discern, identify, or know because of a previous experience

Commentary: Syntax Is: NP1[experiencer] RECOGNIZE NP2[stimulus]
NOTE: cognitive activity, pattern matching activity
NOTE: this has to do with identifying someone or something as a result of having seen, heard, or experienced a same or similar thing

I hadn't seen her for 20 years, but I recognized her immediately.
Do you recognize this song?
Doctors are trained to recognize the symptoms of different diseases.
I don't recognize any of these buildings in the dark.
Mary finally recognized him as the man she'd sat next to on the plane.
He recognizes a kindred spirit when he sees one.
They pretended not to recognize her as they passed in the hall.
The HIV virus is able to keep producing new antigens that the immune system does not yet recognize.
A vaccine enables the body to recognize a pathogen without actually suffering the disease.

VerbNet: Conjecture-29.5-1,sight-30.2
FrameNet: Becoming_aware
PropBank: recognize.01,sight-30.2
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 2, 3, 4, 6, 8

Sense Number 2: acknowledge and accept the truth/importance of; give due credit

Commentary: Syntax Includes: NP1[agent] RECOGNIZE NP2 NP1[agent] RECOGNIZE COMP
NOTE: can usually be rephrased to fit the frame above, (academics) recognize Bob (for his work) He doesn't recognize his parent's sacrifice

He sadly recognized that he would die childless.
You must recognize the seriousness of the problems we are facing.
They don't seem to recognize the danger of running such a large deficit.
I recognize that I am at fault.
The opponents of racial equality have always refused to recognize the problem.
He never recognized the sacrifices his parents made for him all those years.
Bob feels bitter that his work is not more widely recognized.
They were not recognized as industry leaders.
The two boys were recognized for outstanding community service.

FrameNet: NM
PropBank: recognize.02,conjecture-29.5-1,consider-29.9-1
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 2, 7, 9

Sense Number 3: acknowledge the authority or officiality of

Commentary: Syntax Includes: NP1[agent] RECOGNIZE NP2 NP1[agent] RECOGNIZE SCOMP
NOTE: often used with official institutions, authorities, decisions or documents; compare to sense 2, which means to acknowledge the existence of; this sense implies submitting to the authority of, or granting authority to

The Secretary of State refused to recognize the decision of Federal Court.
Several nations will not recognize the new government.
The floor recognizes the Senator from Delaware.
They would not recognize any other god but their own.
The Regents officially recognized the new educational institution.
A driver's license is not recognized as a valid document for flying an airplane.
The airport will only recognize government-issued IDs as acceptable identification.

VerbNet: NM
FrameNet: NM
PropBank: recognize.02
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 1, 5