close-v; 7 Senses

Sense Number 1: shut or become in a shut state

Commentary: Includes: CLOSE UP, CLOSE OFF, CLOSE IN Syntax Is: (NP1)[agent] CLOSE NP2[concrete] (NP1)[agent CLOSE_IN NP2[concrete] (PP{P NP[instrumental}) (NP1)[agent] CLOSE_OFF NP2[concrete] NP1[agent] CLOSE_UP (NP2[patient])

I can't close my car window.
She is always closing doors behind her.
The lid closed on the piano bench with a heavy thud.
I'd better close my mouth before I say something I'll regret.
The horses were closed in by a high wooden fence.
They had to close off the main gas line that connects to the houses on our street.
The mummy was closed up in the tomb by slaves.

VerbNet: other_cos-45.4
FrameNet: Closure
PropBank: close.01
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 1, 2
WordNet Verb Particle Constructions, Multiword Expressions:
close_off 2, 3
close_in 2

Sense Number 2: cease operating

Commentary: Includes: CLOSE OFF Syntax Includes: NP1[agent] CLOSE (NP2[patient])
NOTE: 'close off the compressor' implies the activity the compressor is engaged in, e.g., filling \ tanks with compressed air
NOTE: usually implies a habitual activity or operation that is ceases.

The car repair shop closes at noon on Saturdays.
Our favorite bakery was closed due to a fire.
The old bookstore finally closed its doors last summer.
Highway 9 has been closed for two days because of mud slides.
Close all running applications before starting this process on
your PC.
That restaurant was closed down by the Board of Health.
Close off the compressor because there are engine fumes in the
They had to close up shop because of lack of funds.

VerbNet: crane-40.3.2,other_cos-45.4
FrameNet: NM
PropBank: close.04
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 3, 9, 14
WordNet Verb Particle Constructions, Multiword Expressions:
close_down 1
close_off 1

Sense Number 3: terminate or conclude an activity

Commentary: Includes: CLOSE OUT Syntax Includes: NP1[agent] CLOSE PP NP1[agent] CLOSE NP2[patient] NP1[agent] CLOSE OUT NP2[patient]
NOTE: usually implies specific events or activities, rather than habitual general ones.

The meeting was closed without deciding on who would be club president.
He likes to close dinner speeches with a good joke.
She closed her recital with a beautiful folksong.
I hope stocks will close higher at day's end.
That relief pitcher has closed six games this season, winning all of them.
That fashion house has closed out its line of evening wear.
John will be closing out his account at his old bank.
We are closing on the house tomorrow.
Don't go into sales if you can't close deals.

VerbNet: other_cos-45.4
FrameNet: NM
PropBank: close.02,close.03,close.04
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 4, 5, 6, 7, 17
WordNet Verb Particle Constructions, Multiword Expressions:
close_out 2, 3

Sense Number 4: draw near to, approach

Commentary: Syntax Is: NP1[topic] CLOSE PP{P NP[goal]}

A meteorite appears to be closing with our spacecraft!
The southern cavalry closed with Union forces on the battlefield.
Close on your opponent's left and catch him off guard.
The police were closing in on the suspect.

VerbNet: NM
FrameNet: NM
PropBank: close.06,close.07
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 8, 10, 12
WordNet Verb Particle Constructions, Multiword Expressions:
close_in 1

Sense Number 5: bring parts together, join

Commentary: Syntax Includes: NP1[agent] CLOSE NP2[goal] PP NP1[agent] CLOSE NP2[goal] ADVP

The pincers of the big crab closed on John's hand.
She closed a blanket around the shivering child.
He closed the wound with a series of small stitches.
This umbrella won't close properly.
The party has closed ranks during this political scandal.
You need to close up a few loose ends in the logic of your story's plot.

VerbNet: other_cos-45.4
FrameNet: Body_movement,Closure
PropBank: NM
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 11, 13, 16

Sense Number 6: fill in, repair

Commentary: Syntax Is: NP1[agent] CLOSE[transitive] NP2[patient]
NOTE: implies that NP2 has two end points, between which something is filled.

Try closing those cracks in the ceiling with this new compound.
They are trying to close the income gap between the urban poor and the middle class.

VerbNet: NM
FrameNet: NM
PropBank: NM
WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 15

Sense Number 7: preclude or rule out

Commentary: Syntax Is: NP1[agent] CLOSE OUT NP2[patient]

Don't close out this opportunity before you've had a chance to learn more about it.

VerbNet: NM
FrameNet: NM
PropBank: NM
WordNet Verb Particle Constructions, Multiword Expressions:
close_out 1