chance-n; 5 Senses

Sense Number 1: an opportunity

Commentary: CHANCE[+state][+situation][+opportunity]
NOTE: implies a situation where one can achieve a goal
NOTE: does not imply the situation arose randomly, different from Sense 2

They never gave him a chance to explain what happened.
This turn of events presents a chance for peace negotiations to go forward.
She had many chances to apologize but never did.
This program aims to give poor children a fair chance of getting an education.

WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 1

Sense Number 2: events without apparent cause, random occurrence, luck

Commentary: CHANCE[+event][+random][+apparently]
NOTE: emphasis is on a specific event which has no apparent cause
NOTE: does not imply an undesirable outcome, different from Sense 3

By chance I found Jane's watch under the car seat.
The staff left nothing to chance when preparing the president's trip abroad.
Black jack is supposed to be a game of chance.

WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 2

Sense Number 3: risk, potential bad outcome

Commentary: CHANCE[+state][+potential][-desirable]
NOTE: entails a notion of likelihood, but the focus is on the avoidance of a negative outcome
NOTE: a restricted, negative usage of Sense 4, emphasizing avoidance, not the abstract measurement of probability.

John is taking too many chances on the stock market with his portfolio.
This is a chance we'll have to take. (implies we'd prefer -not- to take it)
They fenced their yard to avoid the chance of having the children run into the street.


Sense Number 4: a measure of the likelihood or probability of an event

Commentary: CHANCE[+quantity][+measure][+likelihood]
NOTE: emphasis is on the amount of likelihood of some situation, not the situation itself.

Is there any chance of him taking that job in London?
What are the chances of rolling ten sixes in a row?
Our team doesn't stand a chance to win the championship. (the odds are against us)
Fat chance! (slang meaning almost no likelihood)
There's a slim chance it will rain tonight.
Chances are they are sitting on a beach somewhere with a cold drink in hand.

WordNet 3.0 Sense Numbers: 4, 5

Sense Number 5: none of the above

Commentary: Automatically generated NOTA sense (bbn)