Penelope Eckert is Professor of Linguistics and Professor by Courtesy of Anthropology at Stanford University. She received a BA from Oberlin College and a PhD in Linguistics from Columbia University. Her work focuses on the relation between sociolinguistic variation and social practice, and is based on extensive ethnographic fieldwork with preadolescents and adolescents. Her primary interest is the social meaning of variation, and the use of variation in stylistic construction. She has worked extensively on language and gender, and has also done research on phonological variation and change in Gascon.