Predicate: use

use: Do not tag 'to' as a part of the rel!

Roleset id: use.01 , Take advantage of, utilise, Source: , vncls: 66 105 54.3, framnet: Using Intentionally_affect Ingest_substance

use.01: The final example demonstrates that the Locative can cooccur with the Arg2: Mr. Pickens was used in talks with Japan to highlight the problem The other Arg2's cannot cooccur in this way. VerbNet classes consume-66, use-105 and fit-54.3. VN classes updated by Claire.


        Arg0-PAG: User (vnrole: 66-agent, 105-agent, 54.3-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing used (vnrole: 66-asset, 105-theme, 54.3-value)
        Arg2-PRP: purpose (vnrole: 105-predicate, 66-goal, 54.3-location)

Example: straight transitive

        John used pliers.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: used
        Arg1: pliers

Example: argumentative purpose

        Loews used a mechanical process to make filters.

        Arg0: Loews
        Rel: used
        Arg1: a mechanical process
        Arg2-pnc: to make filters

Example: gerund as arg2

        Lorillard used asbestos in making cigarettes

        Arg0: Lorillard
        Rel: used
        Arg1: asbestos
        Arg2: in making cigarettes

Example: arg2 as attribute

        Apple II owners used their television sets as screens.

        Arg0: Apple II owners
        Rel: used
        Arg1: their television sets
        Arg2: as screens

Example: arg2 as PP

        The government uses safety requirements for automobiles.

        Arg0: The government
        Rel: uses
        Arg1: safety requirements
        Arg2: for automobiles

Example: locative

        Loews Corp. used crocidolite in Micronite cigarette filters.

        Arg0: Loews Corp.
        Rel: used
        Arg1: crocidolite
        Argm-loc: in Micronite cigarette filters

Roleset id: use.03 , modal, Source: , vncls: , framnet:


Example: positive. Do NOT tag 'to' as a part of the rel!

        person: ns,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        John used to like Mary.

        Rel: used

Example: negative

        person: ns,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        John didn't used to like Mary.

        Rel: used

Roleset id: use.02 , Accustomed, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

use.02: exclusively past "used to"? Dangerously close to the aspectual usage.


        Arg0-PAG: Accustomed
        Arg1-PPT: custom

Example: Do not tag 'to' as a part of the rel!

        Investors are used to quarterly payments

        Arg0: Investors
        Rel: used
        Arg1: to quarterly payments

Predicate: use_up

Roleset id: use.04 , Use completely, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

use.04: Roleset based on instances in webtext-1000-1999. Framed by Claire.


        Arg0-PAG: User
        Arg1-PPT: Thing used
        Arg2-PRP: For what purpose


        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        He said that the difficult equation in the region is that of *PRO* achieving food security since food production uses up around 80 % of Arab water resources .

        Arg0: Food production
        Rel: [uses][up]
        Arg1: around 80 % of Arab water resources.