Predicate: turn

Roleset id: turn.01 , rotation, Source: , vncls: 40.3.2 40.8.3-1-1 47.7 51.3.1, framnet: Moving_in_place , Change_direction , Cause_to_move_in_place ,

turn.01: Member of VNcls crane-40.3.2, hurt-40.8.3-1-1, meander-47.7, roll-51.3.1. Checked by Julia, 11/2010.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: turner (vnrole: 40.3.2-agent, 40.8.3-1-1-experiencer, 51.3.1-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing turning (vnrole: 40.3.2-patient, 40.8.3-1-1-patient, 51.3.1-theme, 47.7-theme)
        Argm-LOC: direction, location, destination (vnrole: 47.7-location, 51.3.1-location, 40.3.2-recipient)

Example: transitive agentive

        John turned the key in the lock.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: turned
        Arg1: the key
        Argm-loc: in the lock

Example: ergative

        The focus turned to other fixed-income markets.

        Arg1: The focus
        Rel: turned
        Argm-gol: to other fixed-income markets

Example: non-obvious direction

        The reforms turned the economy around.

        Arg0: The reforms
        Rel: turned
        Arg1: the economy
        Argm-dir: around

Roleset id: turn.02 , transformation, Source: , vncls: 26.6.2 26.6.1-1, framnet: Undergo_change , Cause_change , Becoming

turn.02: Member of Vncls convert-26.6.2, turn-26.6.1-1.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: causer of transformation (vnrole: 26.6.1-1-agent, 26.6.2-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing changing (vnrole: 26.6.1-1-patient, 26.6.2-patient)
        Arg2-PRD: end state (vnrole: 26.6.1-1-result, 26.6.2-goal)
        Arg3-VSP: start state (vnrole: 26.6.1-1-material, 26.6.2-source)

Example: transitive

        The plan turned state companies private.

        Arg0: The plan
        Rel: turned
        Arg1: state companies
        Arg2: private

Example: with source/start state

        John turned Mary from a reactionary to an activist.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: turned
        Arg1: Mary
        Arg3: from a reactionary
        Arg2: to an activist

Example: ergative

        John turned into an activist.

        Arg1: John
        Rel: turned
        Arg2: into an activist

Example: turn down, as direction

        John turned down the heat.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: turned
        Argm-dir: down
        Arg1: the heat

Roleset id: turn.03 , idiomatic: turn thumbs down on = reject, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: rejecter
        Arg1-PPT: thumbs
        Arg2-GOL: thing rejected

Example: this really does occur

        The voters turned thumbs down on the proposed bill.

        Arg0: The voters
        Rel: turned
        Arg1: thumbs
        Argm-dir: down
        Arg2: on the proposed bill

Roleset id: turn.14 , depend, hang, Source: , vncls: , framnet: Contingency

turn.14: No Vncls.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: depender
        Arg1-PPT: depended on

Example: as the world turns?

        person: third,  tense: present,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        Instead, it turns on the disputed and elusive facts of ``who did what to whom.''

        Argm-dis: Instead
        Arg0: it
        Rel: turns
        Arg1: on the disputed and elusive facts of ``who did what to whom

Roleset id: turn.16 , produce, nonphrasal, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: producer
        Arg1-PPT: us. 'profit'

Example: turn a prophet?

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        Why should they have to co-exist with [opportunists]-1 rushing in *trace*-1 to turn a quick profit?

        Arg0: *trace*-1
        Rel: turn
        Arg1: a quick profit

Roleset id: turn.18 , turn 'one's back' or 'a blind eye': ignore purposefully, Source: -, vncls: , framnet: -

turn.18: Roleset based on instances in BOLT phase 1.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: Turner
        Arg1-PPT: Back/Blind eye
        Arg2-GOL: entity ignored

Example: Typical usage, all args

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        It is to the great , abiding shame of women and blacks PRO to turn their backs on the great achievements of these people .

        Arg0: PRO
        Rel: turn
        Arg1: their backs
        Arg2: on great achievements of these people

Example: a blind eye

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        In fact , Japan is an island country , it has abundant tides and wind power generation resources , and the solar energy is also very advanced . However , they turn a blind eye to these advantages , having put their whole hearts to develop nuclear power over the past years .

        Argm-adv: However
        Arg0: they
        Rel: turn
        Arg1: a blind eye
        Arg2: to these advantages
        Argm-adv: having put their whole hearts to develop nuclear power over the past years


Predicate: turn_away

turn_away: Similar to the "rotation" roleset for "turn" above

Roleset id: turn.04 , reject, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: turner
        Arg1-PPT: thing turned away
        Arg2-DIR: turned-away-from

Example: transitive

        John turned all applicants away.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: [turned][away]
        Arg1: all applicants

Example: ergative

        John turned away from the stock market in disgust.

        Arg1: John
        Rel: [turned][away]
        Arg2: from the stock market
        Argm-mnr: in disgust


Predicate: turn_down

turn_down: Similar to "rotation" roleset and also "turn away"

Roleset id: turn.05 , reject, Source: , vncls: , framnet: Respond_to_proposal

turn.05: Compare this to the literal (non-phrasal) "turn down" (turn.01):John turned down the covers on the bed.In this case, "down" is the ArgM-DIR."Turn down" also occurs in the "transformation" roleset (turn.02) of the non-phrasal "turn":John turned the heat down.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: rejecter
        Arg1-PPT: thing rejected

Example: transitive

        Separately, the Federal Energy Regulation Commission turned down for now a request by Northeast seeking approval of its possible purchase of PS of New Hampshire.

        Argm-dis: Separately
        Arg0: the Federal Energy Regulation Commission
        Rel: turned down
        Argm-tmp: for now
        Arg1: a request by Northeast seeking approval of its possible purchase of PS of New Hampshire


Predicate: turn_in

turn_in: Essentially the same as "give"

Roleset id: turn.06 , give, Source: , vncls: , framnet: Submitting_documents , Surrendering

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: giver
        Arg1-PPT: thing given
        Arg2-GOL: entity given to

Example: transitive

        John turned the test in to his teacher.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: [turned][in]
        Arg1: the test
        Arg2: to his teacher


Predicate: turn_on

Roleset id: turn.13 , cause to be on, Source: , vncls: , framnet: Change_operational_state

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: cause of on-ness
        Arg1-PPT: lamp, etc

Example: tune in, turn on, drop out

        person: third,  tense: present,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        But the genes were accompanied by a piece of DNA, called a promoter, that [*T*-2] turns the genes on.

        Argm-slc: that -> a piece of DNA, called a promoter
        Arg0: [*T*-2] (= that)
        Rel: [turns] [on]
        Arg1: the genes


Predicate: turn_off

Roleset id: turn.07 , cause to be off, Source: , vncls: , framnet: Change_operational_state

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: turner off
        Arg1-PPT: thing which becomes off

Example: transitive

        John turned the lights off.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: [turned][off]
        Arg1: the lights

Roleset id: turn.08 , cause to reject, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: causer
        Arg1-PPT: rejecter
        Arg2-GOL: thing rejected

Example: transitive

        John turned Mary off on hot dogs.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: [turned][off]
        Arg1: Mary
        Arg2: on hot dogs


Predicate: turn_out

Roleset id: turn.09 , cause to be off, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: turner out
        Arg1-PPT: thing turned out

Example: transitive

        John turned out the lights.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: [turned][out]
        Arg1: the lights

Roleset id: turn.10 , produce, create, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

turn.10: The higher-numbered args (2 & 3) may or may not occur; here they arejust in case.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: creator
        Arg1-PPT: creation
        Arg2-DIR: created-from, thing changed
        Arg3-GOL: benefactive

Example: transitive

        This factory turns out hundreds of mountain bikes every day.

        Arg0: This factory
        Rel: turns out
        Arg1: hundreds of mountain bikes
        Argm-tmp: every day

Roleset id: turn.11 , seem, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:

        Arg1-PPT: thing seeming
        Arg2-PRD: attribute

Example: sentential arg

        As with "seem", ignore the meaningless "it"
        It turns out that John never reads the frames files.

        Rel: turns out
        Arg1: that John never reads the frames files

Example: split sentential arg

        Sorry about the example.
        person: third,  tense: present,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        In last week's rape case, for example, [the girl]-1 turns out *trace*-1 to have been a victim of incest.

        Argm-loc: In last weeks' rape case
        Argm-dis: for example
        Rel: [turns] [out]
        Arg1: *trace* to have been a victim of incest

Example: with attribute

        person: third,  tense: present,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        But in the end, everything turns out for the best, in the film makers' warped view.

        Argm-dis: But
        Argm-tmp: in the end
        Arg1: everything
        Rel: [turns] [out]
        Arg2: for the best
        Argm-loc: in the film makers' warped view

Roleset id: turn.17 , (cause to) turn out: appear, show up, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: cause
        Arg1-PPT: those appearing

Example: glitterati

        person: ns,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        Among the glitterati who [*T*-1] turned out in bipartisan black-tie force [*-3] to benefit the Coelho Epilepsy Fund last month were [*T*-2] Sen. Robert Dole, Rep. Newt Gingrich, and other kingpins of Congress.

        Argm-slc: who -> the glitterati
        Arg1: [*T*-1] (= who)
        Rel: [turned] [out]
        Argm-mnr: in bipartisan black-tie force
        Argm-prp: [*-3] to benefit the Coelho Epilepsy Fund
        Argm-tmp: last month

Example: with cause

        John is this policy of *PRO* trying *RPO*-1 to use the press as a whipping boy uh going *-2 to work *PRO* to excite the conservative base and to turn voters out in the midterm elections?

        Arg0: *PRO*
        Rel: [turn] [out]
        Arg1: voters
        Argm-loc: in the midterm elections


Predicate: turn_over

turn_over: Different from the directional "turn over" as in "Johnturned the rock over to see all the bugs underneath." (turn.01)

Roleset id: turn.12 , submit, give, exchange, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

turn.12: Adding the arg3 to this makes sentences really awkward--only sportswriters would use it.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: giver
        Arg1-PPT: thing given
        Arg2-GOL: entity given to
        Arg3-PPT: in-exhange-for

Example: transitive

        John turned all the evidence over to the FBI.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: [turned][over]
        Arg1: all the evidence
        Arg2: to the FBI

Example: as exchange

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        Such is his reputation among the East Bay Bashers that when he hit his first career home run last season, [the fan who caught it]-1 agreed *trace*-1 to turn the ball over to him in return for an autograph.

        Arg0: *trace*
        Rel: [turn] [over]
        Arg1: the ball
        Arg2: to him
        Arg3: in exchange for an autograph


Predicate: turn_up

Roleset id: turn.15 , (cause to) appear, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: agent, causer of appearance
        Arg1-PPT: thing appearing

Example: poof!

        person: ns,  tense: future,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        You never know where she'll turn up.

        Arg1: she
        Argm-mod: 'll
        Rel: [turn] [up]

Example: I said, 'poof'!

        person: ns,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        Though details were sketchy in the aftermath of the violent earthquake that shook the high-tech corridor along with the rest of the San Franciso Bay area, a spot check of computer makers turned up little, if any, potentially lingering damage to facilities or fabrication equipment.

        Argm-av: Though details were sketchy in the aftermath of the violent earthquake that shook the high-tech corridor along with the rest of the San Francisco area
        Arg0: a spot check of computer makers
        Rel: [turned] [up]
        Arg1: little, if any, potentially lingering damage to facilities or fabrication equipment