Predicate: take

take: Keep in mind that usages such as "take care," "take into consideration," "take steps," where the head of the object are also predicating elements, are Light Verb usages, and should be marked .LV.

Roleset id: take.01 , take, acquire, come to have, choose, bring with you from somewhere, Source: , vncls: 10.5 11.3, framnet: Removing Ingest_substance Taking Bringing

take.01: Roleset maps to VN classes bring-11.3, steal-10.5: classes involving movement, acceptance of another entity.

Roles:

        Use ArgM-GOL for arguments indicating where arg1 is taken TO.
        Arg0-PAG: Taker (vnrole: 10.5-agent, 11.3-instrument)
        Arg1-PPT: thing taken (vnrole: 10.5-theme, 11.3-theme)
        Arg2-DIR: taken FROM, SOURCE of thing taken (vnrole: 10.5-source)
        Arg3-GOL: destination (vnrole: 11.3-destination)

Example: take office

        President Carlos Menem took office July 8.

        Arg0: President Carlos Menem
        Rel: took
        Arg1: office
        Argm-tmp: July 8

Example: extract

        Sony took a lesson from the American management books.

        Arg0: Sony
        Rel: took
        Arg1: a lesson
        Arg2: from the American management books

Example: take the law

        She took the law into her own hands

        Arg0: She
        Rel: took
        Arg1: the law
        Argm-gol: into her own hands

Example: take measures

        It has taken measures to prevent cheating.

        Arg0: It
        Rel: taken
        Arg1: measures
        Argm-prp: to prevent cheating

Example: take advantage

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: infinitive

        According to industry lawyers, the ruling gives [pipeline companies]-1 an important second chance *trace*-1 to resolve remaining disputes and take advantage of the cost-sharing mechanism.

        Arg0: *trace*-1
        Rel: take
        Arg1: advantage
        Arg2: of the cost-sharing mechanism

Example: take some comfort

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        Investors unsetled by the stock market's recent gyrations can take some comfort in the predictable arrival of quarterly dividend checks.

        Arg0: Investors unsettled by the stock market's recent gyrations
        Argm-mod: can
        Rel: take
        Arg1: some comfort
        Arg2: in the predictable arrival of quarterly dividend checks

Example:

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        John couldn't take his medicine like a man.

        Arg0: John
        Argm-mod: could
        Argm-neg: n't
        Rel: take
        Arg1: his medicine
        Argm-mnr: like a man

Example: capture, take militarily

        The first part of the sentence is obviously the same, but the second part seemed like it was more important to point out as being part of this sense.
        person: third,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: infinitive

        [The Federal forces]-1 had taken Parkersburg and Grafton from the Rebels and were moving *-1 to take all the mountains .

        Arg0: *-1
        Rel: to take
        Arg1: all the mountains

Roleset id: take.02 , tolerate, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

take.02: No Vncls.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: tolerator
        Arg1-PPT: thing tolerated

Example: tough movement

        [That]-1 got hard *PRO* to take *trace*-1.

        Arg0: *PRO*
        Rel: take
        Arg1: *trace*-1

Example: both args

        person: third,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: participle

        John couldn't take the heat, so he got out of the kitchen.

        Arg0: John
        Argm-mod: could
        Argm-neg: n't
        Rel: take
        Arg1: the heat

Roleset id: take.03 , cause (to be), Source: , vncls: 26.6.2, framnet: -

take.03: Member of Vncls convert-26.6.2

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: impeller to action (vnrole: 26.6.2-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: impelled agent, topic (vnrole: 26.6.2-patient)
        Arg2-GOL: impelled action, attribute of arg1 (vnrole: 26.6.2-goal)

Example: resultative

        John took his company private.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: took
        Arg1: his company
        Arg2: private

Roleset id: take.04 , understand to be, Source: , vncls: 29.2, framnet:

take.04: Member of VNcls characterize-29.2.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: understander (vnrole: 29.2-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing (vnrole: 29.2-theme)
        Arg2-PRD: attribute (vnrole: 29.2-attribute)

Example: bummer

        They took the announcement as bad news.

        Arg0: They
        Rel: took
        Arg1: the announcement
        Arg2: as bad news

Example: it support, kinda

        Again, this is a 'dummy' it, without any real semantic substance.
        I take it, then, that John is a complete and utter idiot?

        Arg0: I
        Rel: take
        Argm-dis: then
        Arg1: that John is a complete and utter idiot

Example: i.e. principles understand cheating is serious.

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Principals take cheating seriously.

        Arg0: Principals
        Rel: take
        Arg1: cheating
        Arg2: seriously

Roleset id: take.14 , fixed phrase: take place, Source: , vncls: , framnet: Event

take.14: No Vncls.

Roles:

        Arg1-PPT: thing occuring
        Arg2-PRD: fixed: place

Example: take place

        These events took place 35 years ago.

        Arg1: These events
        Rel: took
        Arg2: place
        Argm-tmp: 35 years ago

Roleset id: take.15 , write-off, acknowledge a (financial) loss, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

take.15: No Vncls.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: corporation, etc
        Arg1-PPT: loss
        Arg2-VSP: current financial holdings?

Example: made up, but based on real

        person: ns,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        John's company took a $5 million write-off due to unwise investments in jellybeans.

        Arg0: John's company
        Rel: took
        Arg1: a $5 million write-off
        Argm-cau: due to unwise investments in jellybeans

Roleset id: take.10 , need, Source: , vncls: 54.2 103 54.3, framnet: Taking_time Have_as_requirement

take.10: Maps to VN classes fit-54.3, cost-54.2 & require-103.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: requirer (vnrole: 54.2-theme, 103-pivot, 54.3-agent, 54.3-location)
        Arg1-PPT: thing required (vnrole: 54.2-value, 103-theme, 54.3-value)
        Arg2-GOL: required-of, required-from ('ablative') (vnrole: 54.2-beneficiary, 103-source)

Example: active

        Being so fragile and minute, they will take special special robotic handling equipment.

        Argm-cau: Being so fragile and minute
        Arg0: they
        Argm-mod: will
        Rel: take
        Arg1: special special robotic handling equipment.

Example: it-support

        Be careful that you don't give an argument number to 'dummy' it
        person: ns,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        It [*EXP*-1] took me a half-hour [*] to move 10 feet from my parking spot in an outer lot to an aisle, and an additional hour to reach an inner roadway a half-block away.

        Rel: took
        Arg2: me
        Arg1: a half-hour
        Arg0: [*] to move 10 feet from my parking spot in an outer lot to an aisle

Example: typical out-of-order

        Gee, ya think?
        person: ns,  tense: present,  aspect: progressive,  voice: active,  form: participle

        Graduate students are taking longer than ever [*-1] to get their doctor of philosophy degrees, the National Research Council says.

        Arg2: Graduate students
        Rel: taking
        Arg1: longer than ever
        Arg0: [*-1] to get their doctor of philosophy degrees

Roleset id: take.16 , take by surprise, Source: , vncls: , framnet: -

take.16: No Vncls.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: causer of surprise
        Arg1-PPT: experiencer of surprise
        Arg2-PRD: surprise

Example: surprise!

        person: ns,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        Rumors of an impending devaluation have been circulating in Moscow for weeks , but the size of the cut took many Western bankers by surprise .

        Arg0: the size of the cut
        Rel: took
        Arg1: many Western bankers
        Arg2: by surprise

Roleset id: take.17 , become fond of, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: entity becoming fond of something
        Arg1-PPT: thing fond of

Example: ballooning? really?

        person: ns,  tense: present,  aspect: perfect,  voice: active,  form: participle

        Americans it seems [0] [*T*-1] have followed Malcolm Forbes 's hot-air lead and taken to ballooning in a heady way .

        Arg0: Americans
        Argm-dis: it seems [0] [*T*-1]
        Rel: taken
        Arg1: to ballooning
        Argm-mnr: in a heady way

Roleset id: take.25 , swindle/rob someone of something, Source: , vncls: , framnet: -

take.25: No VNcls. Added by Julia based on Callhome-1.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: Swindler
        Arg1-PPT: poor schmuck getting swindled
        Arg2-VSP: money/item being taken

Example: the syntax should look like this

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        In the divorce, she took him for half of everything.

        Argm-loc: In the divorce
        Arg0: she
        Rel: took
        Arg1: him
        Arg2: for half of everything

Roleset id: take.LV , light verb, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:



Predicate: take_away

Roleset id: take.05 , take away: remove, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: taker
        Arg1-PPT: thing removed

Example: Calgon, take me away!

        [Marshall Coleman]-1 wants to *trace*-1 take away your right to choose

        Arg0: *trace*
        Rel: [take] [away]
        Arg1: your right to choose


Predicate: take_in

take_in: might be misparsed

Roleset id: take.06 , take in: give shelter, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: entity giving shelter
        Arg1-PPT: entity taking shelter

Example: Arg0 rel Arg1

        This exclusive club has taken in a host of flashy new members

        Arg0: This exclusive club
        Rel: [taken] [in]
        Arg1: a host of flashy new members

Roleset id: take.23 , Enjoy, experience, especially viewing, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

take.23: Roleset based on webtext instances. No relevant VN entry. Comparison to watch. Framed by Claire.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: entity taking something in
        Arg1-PPT: entity enjoyed, viewed, taken in

Example: Args 0 & 1

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        However , I took in NTD TV 's Chinese New Year Spectacular as a friend had suggested and my literary and art cells sprung immediately and unexpectedly back to life .

        Argm-dis: However
        Arg0: I
        Rel: [took][in]
        Arg1: NTD TV's Chinese New Year Spectacular
        Argm-mnr: as a friend had suggested

Example: Very Similar

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        It's a city where-1 you can settle for a Broadway musical, enjoy a classic Shakespeare production, or take in a puppet show on a any given day *T*-1.

        Argm-slc: where-1 *--> a city
        Arg0: you
        Argm-mod: can
        Rel: [take][in]
        Arg1: a puppet show
        Argm-tmp: on any given day
        Argm-loc: *T*-1


Predicate: take_off

Roleset id: take.07 , take off: remove, Source: , vncls: , framnet: Undressing

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: entity removing something
        Arg1-PPT: thing being removed

Example: take it all off

        John took off all his clothes in public.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: [took] [off]
        Arg1: all his clothes
        Argm-loc: in public

Roleset id: take.08 , take off: increase dramatically, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:

        Arg1-PPT: thing increasing
        Arg2-VSP: specific aspect of arg1 that is taking off

Example: zoom

        The pace has taken off.

        Arg1: The pace
        Rel: [taken] [off]

Roleset id: take.19 , take off: like a plane, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:

        Arg1-PPT: airplane
        Arg2-DIR: airport

Example: leavin' on a jet plane...

        person: third,  tense: present,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        Keep in mind that this is the same movie in which a character is flattened by a steamroller only to pop right back up and peer in the window of a Boeing 747 -- from the outside -- as it takes off.

        Arg1: it
        Rel: [ takes] [ off]

Roleset id: take.18 , take off: vacation, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: entity taking a vacation
        Arg1-PPT: 'time'
        Arg2-DIR: work, job, etc

Example: mental health day

        Nasty bit of syntax by the treebankers, there.
        person: ns,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        And when Mr. Engelken asked him why he took time [*ICH*-1] [*ICH*-2] off from work for somebody he didn't even know [*T*-4] [*T*-5] [*T*-6]...

        Arg0: he
        Rel: [took][off]
        Arg1: time [*ICH*-1] [*ICH*-2]
        Arg2: from work
        Argm-adv: for someone he didn't even know


Predicate: take_on

Roleset id: take.09 , take on: acquire, Source: , vncls: 93, framnet: Hiring

take.09: VN updated by Julia, 10/2010. Member of Vncls adopt-93.

Roles:

        refer to acquire and other verbs-of-acquisition for usage ofhigher-numbered args
        Arg0-PAG: entity acquiring something (vnrole: 93-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing being acquired (vnrole: 93-theme)
        Arg2-DIR: seller
        Arg3-VSP: price paid
        Arg4-GOL: benefactive

Example: simple transitive

        A young, short-term employee can't take on any responsibility

        Arg0: A young, short-term employee
        Argm-mod: ca
        Argm-neg: n't
        Rel: take on
        Arg1: any responsiblity

Roleset id: take.21 , take on: (prepare for) battle, Source: , vncls: 98, framnet:

take.21: VN updated by Julia, 10/2010. Member of Vncls confront-98.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: hero (vnrole: 98-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: adversary (vnrole: 98-theme)

Example: David and Goliath

        person: ns,  tense: future,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        ``I will sit down and talk some of the problems out, but take on the political system? Uh-uh,'' he says with a shake of the head.

        Arg0: I
        Argm-mod: will
        Rel: [ take] [ on]
        Arg1: the political system


Predicate: take_out

Roleset id: take.11 , take out: obtain, draw (out), Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: entity drawing something forth
        Arg1-PPT: thing taken out

Example: take out an ad

        A company once took out an ad.

        Arg0: A company
        Argm-tmp: once
        Rel: [took] [out]
        Arg1: an ad

Roleset id: take.26 , Project anger on someone, idiomatic, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

take.26: Roleset added due to instances in CallHome corpus. Framed by Claire. No VN class.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: angry person
        Arg1-PPT: usually "it", thing causing anger
        Arg2-GOL: person anger is projected on

Example: Typical Usage

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Whether they take it out on Governor Schwartzeneggar in California could be another test of that as well.

        Arg0: they
        Rel: [take][out]
        Arg1: it
        Arg2: on Governor Schwartzeneggar
        Argm-loc: in California

Roleset id: take.27 , Kill, Source: , vncls: , framnet: -

take.27: Based on "take out" instances in BOLT part 1. Framed by Claire.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: killer, person taking out someone or something
        Arg1-PPT: person being attacked

Example: Both args, typical usage

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Remember when we-1 went in PRO-1 to take out Bin Laden we could n't tell the Pakistani government for fear that Bin Laden would have been tipped off and escaped ...

        Arg0: PRO-1
        Rel: [take][out]
        Arg1: Bin Laden

Roleset id: take.28 , take_out: vacation, Source: -, vncls: , framnet: -

take.28: Added by Julia based on BOLT, take_off.18.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: entity taking time off
        Arg1-PPT: time taken
        Arg2-DIR: work, job, etc (taking a vacation from)

Example: args 0, 1

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        I do n't know whether *PRO*-1 to just go , or take a year out , and try and ask my medical school for a deferred entry -LRB- which is unlikely I think -RRB- .

        Arg0: *PRO*-1
        Rel: [take] [out]
        Arg1: a year

Example: All args + PRP

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        [Fearne Cotton]-1 is set *PRO*-1 to take a year out from her television career to concentrate on motherhood - and we'll genuinely miss her!

        Arg0: *PRO*-1
        Rel: [take] [out]
        Arg1: a year
        Arg2: from her television career
        Argm-prp: to concentrate on motherhood


Predicate: take_over

Roleset id: take.12 , take over: become dominant, Source: -, vncls: 93, framnet: Change_of_leadership

take.12: VN updated by Julia, 10/2010. Member of Vncls adopt-93.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: entity becoming dominant (vnrole: 93-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: entity being taken over (vnrole: 93-theme)
        Arg2-DIR: the old boss

Example: unstated object

        Mrs. Ward took over in 1986

        Arg0: Mrs. Ward
        Rel: [took] [over]
        Argm-tmp: in 1986

Example: with object

        John took over the company.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: took over
        Arg1: the company

Example: with attribute

        John took over as president

        Arg0: John
        Rel: [took] [over]
        Arg1: as president


Predicate: take_up

Roleset id: take.13 , take up: occupy, Source: , vncls: , framnet: Activity_start

take.13: No Vncls .

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: entity taking
        Arg1-PPT: thing being occupied
        Arg2-COM: collaborator, interlocutor

Example: vaguely passive

        Most of the picture is taken up with endless scenes of talking heads.

        Arg1: Most of the picture
        Rel: [taken] [up]
        Arg0: with endless scenes of talking heads

Example: active

        The Senate will take up the measure quickly.

        Arg0: The Senate
        Rel: [take] [up]
        Arg1: the measure
        Argm-tmp: quickly

Example: with arg2

        They took it up with Warner.

        Arg0: They
        Rel: [took] [up]
        Arg1: it
        Arg2: with Warner


Predicate: take_aback

Roleset id: take.20 , take aback: different kind of surprise, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: surprising entity
        Arg1-PPT: surprised entity

Example: only passive

        person: ns,  tense: present,  aspect: ns,  voice: passive,  form: participle

        [He]-4 is taken [*-4] aback in an interview when asked whether, as mayor, he plans on reforming the political ``fiefdoms'' that perpetuate the monumental ineffectiveness of New York's school system.

        Rel: [ taken] [ aback]
        Arg1: [*-4]
        Argm-loc: in an interview
        Argm-tmp: when asked whether, as mayor, he plans on reforming the political ``fiefdoms'' that perpetuate the monumental ineffectiveness of New York's school system


Predicate: take_down

Roleset id: take.22 , take down: remove, deconstruct, dismantle, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

take.22: predicate added by Arrick

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: taker
        Arg1-PPT: thing taken down

Example:

        and that is *PRO* to take down their nuclear program dismantle it dismantle their weapons of mass destruction programs in a verifiable way before all those assurances can go into place.

        Arg0: *PRO*
        Rel: [take] [down]
        Arg1: their nuclear program


Predicate: take_hold

Roleset id: take.24 , grab, Source: , vncls: , framnet: Inchoative_attaching

take.24: Added by Julia based on instance in Brown. No Vncls.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: grabber
        Arg1-PPT: grabbed

Example: Brown example

        person: third,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: participle

        And then the Amen corner took hold , re-enacting a form of group participation in worship that stemmed from years before the Greek chorus , spreading down through the African forest , overseas to the West Indies , and then here in Alabama .

        Argm-dis: And then
        Arg0: the Amen corner
        Rel: took hold
        Argm-adv: re-enacting a form of group participation in worship that stemmed from years before the Greek chorus, preading down through the African forest, overseas to the West Indies, and then here in Alabama

Example: Russian folk tale with lots of grabbing.

        person: third,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: participle

        The mouse took hold of the cat, the cat took hold of the dog, the dog took hold of the granddaughter, the granddaughter took hold of the old woman, the old woman took hold of the old man, the old man took hold of the turnip, they pulled and pulled--and finally--out came the turnip!

        Arg0: The mouse
        Rel: took hold
        Arg1: of the cat
        Arg: (and on and on ad nauseum-- you get the point)