Predicate: stop

Roleset id: stop.01 , stop, Source: , vncls: 55.4, framnet: Halt , Preventing , Activity_stop , Process_stop , Thwarting

stop.01: Based on big corpus, comparison with 'start'. Member of Vncls stop-55.4-1.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: Agent/cause (vnrole: 55.4-1-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: Theme (action or object being stopped) (vnrole: 55.4-1-theme)
        Arg2-MNR: Instrument (when separate from arg0) (vnrole: 55.4-1-instrument)

Example: transitive, NP theme

        The ban won't stop privately-funded tissue-transplant research.

        Arg0: The ban
        Argm-mod: wo
        Argm-neg: n't
        Rel: stop
        Arg1: privately-funded tissue-transplant research

Example: transitive, S theme, agentive

        Note the volitional agent, compare with the following example.
        Lorillard Inc stopped *trace* using crocidolite in its Micronite cigarette filters in 1956.

        Arg0: Lorillard
        Rel: stopped
        Arg1: *trace* using crocidolite in its Micronite cigarette filters
        Argm-tmp: in 1956

Example: transitive, S theme, agentless

        Note that the droughts cannot volitionally be a source of pricepressure, so they cannot be an agent.
        person: ns,  tense: past,  aspect: perfect,  voice: active,  form: participle

        He said [summer drought problems that had hit several southern agricultural regions]-1 had stopped [*-1] being a major source of price pressure in September.

        Rel: stopped
        Arg1: [*-1] being a major source of price pressure in September
        Argm-tmp: in September

Example: ergative

        Which flights stop in Minneapolis?

        Arg1: Which flights
        Rel: stop
        Argm-loc: in Minneapolis

Example: made up examples with instrument

        Mary stopped John's incessant chattering with a deep passionate kick to the groin.

        Arg0: Mary
        Rel: stopped
        Arg1: John's incessant chattering
        Arg3: with a deep passionate kick to the groin.

Roleset id: stop.03 , stop from, Source: , vncls: 67, framnet: Preventing , Thwarting

stop.03: Member of Vncls forbid-67.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: preventer, stopper (vnrole: 67-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: stopped agent (vnrole: 67-theme)
        Arg2-PPT: stopped action (vnrole: 67-theme)

Example: stopped event

        ...measures-1 *trace-1* to stop the market *trace-2* from plunging too far too fast.

        Arg0: *trace-1*
        Rel: stop
        Arg1: the market
        Arg2: from plunging too far too fast


Predicate: stop_by

Roleset id: stop.02 , visit briefly, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

stop.02: No Vncls.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: visitor
        Arg1-LOC: place visited

Example: phrasal

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        ``I feel like a little kid,'' says a gleeful Alex de Castro, a car salesman, who-53 [*T*-53] has stopped by a workout of the Suns to slip six Campaneris cards to the Great Man Himself to be autographed.

        Arg0: [*T*-53] (= who)
        Argm-slc: who -> a car salesman
        Rel: [ stopped] [ by]
        Arg1: a workout of the Suns
        Argm-prp: to slip six Campaneris cards to the Great Man Himself to be autographed


Predicate: stop_up

Roleset id: stop.04 , plug, Source: , vncls: 9.8, framnet:

stop.04: VN class fill-9.8

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: stopper (vnrole: 9.8-agent)
        Arg1-GOL: thing stopped up (vnrole: 9.8-destination)
        Arg2-PPT: stopped up with what? entity crammed in space (vnrole: 9.8-theme)

Example:

        The shipowner didn't stop up the leaking hull of the MV Amrogos until the end of January

        Arg0: The shipowner
        Rel: [ stop] [ up]
        Arg1: the leaking hull of the MV Amrogos
        Argm-tmp: until the end of January