Predicate: require

require: Frames file for 'require' based on survey of initial sentences of big corpus and comparison with 'need' and 'ask'

Roleset id: require.01 , need, Source: , vncls: 60-1 103, framnet: Needing , Have_as_requirement , Imposing_obligation

require.01: Member of Vncls order-60-1, require-103. Updated by Julia, 10/2010.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: requirer (vnrole: 60-1-agent, 103-pivot)
        Arg1-PPT: thing required (vnrole: 60-1-topic, 103-theme)
        Arg2-DIR: required-of, required-from ('ablative') (vnrole: 60-1-recipient, 103-source)

Example: active

        Being so fragile and minute, they will require special special robotic handling equipment.

        Argm-cau: Being so fragile and minute
        Arg0: they
        Argm-mod: will
        Rel: require
        Arg1: special special robotic handling equipment.

Example: with ablative

        It may be [the largest settlement]-1 ever required *trace*-1 of a state or local utility.

        Argm-tmp: ever
        Rel: required
        Arg1: *trace*-1
        Arg2: of a state or local utility.

Example: sentential complement

        The 1988 trade act requires Mrs. Hills to issue another review of the performance of these countries by April 30.

        Arg0: The 1988 trade act
        Rel: requires
        Arg2: Mrs. Hills
        Arg1: to issue another review of the performance of these countries by April 30.

Example: passivized

        Here, the "Sea Containers' subsidiaries" are the entities being asked to commit the required action. Compare to "The FCC needed Sea Containers' subsidiaries to place theirshares on the open market" and "*Sea Containers' subsidiaries wereneeded to place their shares on the open market". The latter isgrammatical, but means something different.
        [Sea Containers' subsidiaries]-1 might be required *trace*-1 to place their shares in the open market.

        Argm-mod: might
        Rel: required
        Arg2: *trace*-1
        Arg1: to place their shares in the open market.

Example: args 0 and 1, passivized

        There needs to be something following the verb to tag as arg1. If there isn't, .ER.
        person: third,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: passive,  form: participle

        Second , we trimmed more than a month off the time required NONE-* to deliver a finished product .

        Rel: required
        Arg1: NONE-* ('&' link to the parent node for "the time")
        Arg0: to deliver a finished product