Predicate: give

Roleset id: give.01 , transfer, Source: , vncls: 13.1-1, framnet: Giving

give.01: Member of VNcls give-13.1-1. Nominal 'giving' based on BOLT-6.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: giver (vnrole: 13.1-1-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing given (vnrole: 13.1-1-theme)
        Arg2-GOL: entity given to (vnrole: 13.1-1-recipient)

Example: double object

        The executives gave the chefs a standing ovation.

        Arg0: The executives
        Rel: gave
        Arg2: the chefs
        Arg1: a standing ovation

Example: ditransitive

        She had given the answers to two low-ability geography classes.

        Arg0: She
        Rel: given
        Arg1: the answers
        Arg2: to two low ability geography classes

Example: give way

        The Beatles give way to baseball in the Nipponese version.

        Arg0: The Beatles
        Rel: give
        Arg1: way
        Arg2: to baseball

Example: Odd discourse-level usage

        *trace* is not linked to anything.
        This is very odd, *trace* given uncertainties about the auction.

        Arg2: *trace*
        Rel: given
        Arg1: uncertainties about the auction

Example: another discourse-level usage

        Make sure that 'given' is not acting as the head prep of a PP node-- if it is, .ER.
        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: passive,  form: participle

        Given the weakness in both the junk bond market and the stock market, traders fear that these transactions may be revised yet again.

        Rel: given
        Arg1: the weakness in both the junk bond market and the stock market
        Arg2: traders

Example: nominal rel: giving

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Gift - giving is also a technical job

        Arg1: Gift
        Rel: giving

Roleset id: give.14 , To be likely to, given to, Source: , vncls: , framnet: -

give.14: Roleset based on instance in ULA-MASC1-rest. Framed by Claire. No relevant VN entry.

Roles:

        Arg1-PAG: Person entity likely to do/be a certain way
        Arg2-PRD: Thing which arg1 is likely to do/be

Example: All arguments

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        As the pyramids were already about 2500 years old when Diodorus wrote his World History , one is given to wonder what his authority might have been for such a vivid description .

        Arg1: one
        Rel: given
        Arg2: to wonder what his authority might have been for such a vivid description.

Roleset id: give.16 , idiomatic: to care (give a crap, etc), Source: -, vncls: , framnet: -

give.16: Added by Julia based on BOLT. No VNcls.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: giver/carer
        Arg1-PPT: crap/shit/poopoo, ect
        Arg2-VSP: about what

Example: give a shit

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        I 've been threatened physically twice .... like I give a shit ....

        Arg0: I
        Rel: give
        Arg1: a shit

Example: all args

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        I mean you do n't really think that any of these guys really give a shit about their party or their nation , do ya ?

        Arg0: any of these guys
        Argm-adv: really
        Rel: give
        Arg1: a shit
        Arg2: about their party of their nation

Example: any synonym for excrement will do...

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Plus , you have to find 250 students who-1 *PRO*-1 even pay attention to the student council , and give enough of a poo poo to do something about it .

        Arg0: *PRO*-1
        Argm-slc: who -> [250 students]
        Argm-adv: even
        Rel: give
        Arg1: enough of a poo poo to do something about it

Roleset id: give.17 , yield when pressure is applied, Source: -, vncls: , framnet: -

give.17: Added by Julia based on BOLT. No VNcls.

Roles:

        Arg1-PAG: thing yielding
        Arg2-CAU: to what

Example: both args

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        He is hoping your arm is going to drop off and you-1 are going *-1 to give to the pressure of his pulling

        Arg1: *-1
        Rel: give
        Arg2: to the pressure of his pulling

Example: Standard

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        People just have to accept that something must give .

        Arg1: something
        Argm-mod: must
        Rel: give


Predicate: give_away

Roleset id: give.02 , give away: transfer, Source: , vncls: 13.1-1, framnet: -

give.02: See VNcls give-13.1-1.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: giver (vnrole: 13.1-1-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing given (vnrole: 13.1-1-theme)
        Arg2-GOL: entity given to (vnrole: 13.1-1-recipient)

Example: transitive

        They sometimes give away a few exact questions and answers

        Arg0: They
        Argm-tmp: sometimes
        Rel: give away
        Arg1: a few exact questions and answers

Example: another transitive

        Hearst might have virtually given the paper away

        Arg0: Hearst
        Argm-mod: might have
        Argm-mnr: virtually
        Rel: given
        Arg1: the paper

Roleset id: give.15 , reveal what something really is, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

give.15: Roleset based on instances in ON-miss

Roles:

        No arg2 seen in survey, but seems possible. Be careful to distinguish from usages where there is the transfer of a person e.g. "They gave him away to the police"...use context as best you can to distinguish.
        Arg0-PAG: agent, entity revealing true state
        Arg1-PPT: thing revealed, given away
        Arg2-GOL: audience, truth shown to who?
        Arg3-PRD: what arg1 is revealed to be, true state itself

Example: Args 0 & 1 only

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        The street signs around here give the game away - La Rue de la Grande Truanderie - "the street of great criminality", is still home to evil-looking dope-dealers.

        Arg0: The street signs around here
        Rel: [give][away]
        Arg1: the game

Example: Args 0, 1, 3

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        But he gave himself away as a hoodlum with his attempts to impress us with hisinside knowledge of drug-dealing and stickups.

        Arg0: He
        Rel: [gave][away]
        Arg1: himself
        Arg3: as a hoodlum
        Argm-mnr: with his attempts to impress us with his inside knowledge of drug-dealing and stickups


Predicate: give_back

give_back: Mostly identical to "give" roleset above

Roleset id: give.03 , give back: return, Source: , vncls: 13.1-1, framnet: -

give.03: See VNcls give-13.1-1.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: giver (vnrole: 13.1-1-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing given (vnrole: 13.1-1-theme)
        Arg2-GOL: entity given to (vnrole: 13.1-1-recipient)

Example: gimme gimme

        Stocks gave back some of their gains.

        Arg0: Stocks
        Rel: gave back
        Arg1: some of their gains


Predicate: give_off

Roleset id: give.04 , give off: emit, Source: , vncls: , framnet: Emitting

give.04: No VNcls.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: emitter
        Arg1-PPT: thing emit(ted)

Example: emit

        This radiator gives off a lot of heat.

        Arg0: This radiator
        Rel: gives off
        Arg1: a lot of heat


Predicate: give_out

Roleset id: give.05 , give out: die, Source: , vncls: , framnet: -

give.05: No VNcls.

Roles:

        Arg1-PAG: thing dying

Example: die

        John's old truck finally gave out.

        Arg1: John's old truck
        Argm-tmp: finally
        Rel: gave out

Roleset id: give.06 , give out: distribute, Source: , vncls: 13.1-1, framnet: Giving

give.06: See VNcls give-13.1-1.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: distributor (vnrole: 13.1-1-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing distributed (vnrole: 13.1-1-theme)
        Arg2-GOL: distributed to (vnrole: 13.1-1-recipient)

Example: distribute

        John gives out lots of candy on Halloween to the kids on his block.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: gives out
        Arg1: lots of candy
        Argm-tmp: on Halloween
        Arg2: to the kids on his block


Predicate: give_up

Roleset id: give.07 , give up: abandon, Source: , vncls: , framnet: Surrendering

give.07: No VNcls.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: abandoner
        Arg1-PPT: project

Example: no project mentioned

        John gave up after trying for a week.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: gave up
        Argm-tmp: after trying for a week

Example: explicit project

        John gave up on the puzzle.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: gave up
        Arg1: on the puzzle

Example: somewhat idiomatic

        John's old truck gave up the ghost.

        Arg0: John's old truck
        Rel: gave up
        Arg1: the ghost

Roleset id: give.08 , give up: surrender, Source: , vncls: 13.1-1, framnet: Surrendering_possession

give.08: See VNcls give-13.1-1.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: giver (vnrole: 13.1-1-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: gift (vnrole: 13.1-1-theme)
        Arg2-GOL: given-to (vnrole: 13.1-1-recipient)

Example: all args

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: gerund

        Insurers-3 buy this insurance protection for themselves by [*-3] giving up a portion of the premiums they collect on a policy to another firm -- a reinsurance company, which, in turn, accepts a portion of any losses resulting from this policy.

        Arg0: [*-3]
        Rel: giving up
        Arg1: a portion of the premiums they collect on a policy
        Arg2: to another firm -- a reinsurance company, which, in turn, accepts a portion of any losses resulting from this policy


Predicate: give_in

Roleset id: give.09 , give in: yield, Source: , vncls: 95, framnet: Giving_in

give.09: Member of VNcls acquiesce-95.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: entity giving way (vnrole: 95-agent)
        Arg1-GOL: entity winning (vnrole: 95-co-agent)

Example: wimps

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: gerund

        Ms. Bartlett told her audience that she-1 absolutely did not believe in compromise or in [*]-1 giving in to the client ``because I don't think you can do watered-down versions of things.''

        Arg0: [*]
        Rel: giving in
        Arg1: to the clients

Example: without mention of winner

        person: third,  tense: present,  aspect: ns,  voice: active,  form: full

        Finally, of course, the boss gives in, but he's still yelling: ``I find myself explaining anything to Teddy Kennedy, you'll be chasing stolen cars in Anchorage.''

        Argm-tmp: Finally
        Argm-dis: of course
        Arg0: the boss
        Rel: gives in


Predicate: give_rise_to

Roleset id: give.10 , be the source of, Source: , vncls: , framnet: Causation

give.10: No VNcls.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: source of rise
        Arg1-PPT: rise
        Arg2-GOL: to

Example:

        The crisis of national survival forced them to a deeply critical self-examination which *T*-2 gave rise to several self-awareness campaigns over the following decades.

        Arg0: [*T*-2]
        Rel: gave
        Arg1: rise
        Arg2: to several self-awarenss campaigns
        Argm-tmp: over the following decades>


Predicate: give_birth

Roleset id: give.11 , give life to, Source: , vncls: , framnet: -

give.11: No VNcls.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: mother
        Arg1-PPT: birth
        Arg2-GOL: child

Example: live birth

        A female shark can give birth to no more than 14 babies at once.

        Arg0: a female shark
        Argm-mod: can
        Rel: give
        Arg1: birth
        Arg2: to no more than 14 babies
        Argm-tmp: at once>


Predicate: give_vent

Roleset id: give.12 , let off steam, Source: , vncls: , framnet: -

give.12: No VNcls.

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: venter
        Arg1-PPT: vent
        Arg2-GOL: thing vented about

Example: those crazy kids

        One can sympathize with the New Youth giving vent to the anger in their hearts.

        Arg0: the New Youth
        Rel: giving
        Arg1: vent
        Arg2: to the anger in their hearts


Predicate: give_over

Roleset id: give.13 , transfer, Source: , vncls: , framnet: -

give.13: No VNcls. (although give-13.1-1 almost fits).

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: giver
        Arg1-PPT: thing given
        Arg2-GOL: entity or activity given to

Example: no subject

        Twenty-some years ago more than 2200 hectares of land around Muening was given *T*-9 over to the cultivation of tobacco.

        Rel: [ given] [ over]
        Arg2: to the cultivation of tobacco
        Arg1: [ *T*-9]
        Argm-tmp: Twenty-some years ago