Predicate: plunge

Roleset id: plunge.01 , fall precipitously, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

plunge.01: PLUNGE-V NOTES: For examples of usage of the higher-numbered Args refer to 'fall' (from plunge.01-v) PLUNGE-N NOTES: Roleset based on verb entry plunge.01. Corresponds to VN class calibratable_cos-45.6-1. (from plunge.01-n)


plunge (v.)
plunge (n.)
take_plunge (l.)


        Arg1-PPT: Logical subject, patient, thing falling (vnrole: 45.6-1-patient, 47.7-theme)
        Arg2-EXT: EXT, amount fallen (vnrole: 45.6-1-extent)
        Arg3-DIR: start point
        Arg4-GOL: end point, end state of arg1
        Arg5-PRD: medium (vnrole: 45.6-1-attribute)

Example: EXT

        The Mexico Fund plunged about 18%

        Arg1: The Mexico Fund
        Rel: plunged
        Arg2: about 18%

Example: variant

        Japanese intervention has kept [the US currency]-1 from *trace*-1 plunging below key levels against the mark.

        Arg1: *trace*
        Rel: plunging
        Arg4: below key levels
        Argm-loc: against the mark

Example: Within LVC - Arg 1 only

        `` You may have to sell your stocks at a time when-2 the market takes a plunge *T*-2 , '' says Mr. Blankenship , a Del Mar , Calif. financial planner .

        Arg1: the market
        Argm-lvb: takes
        Rel: plunge
        Argm-tmp: *T*-2

Example: With attribute

        Lindsay Williams correctly foretold oil's plunge in price.

        Arg1: Oil's
        Rel: plunge
        Arg5: in price

Example: Args 1, 3, 4

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        What company -- and what stock -- it's the big winner from the plunge in oil prices from $148 a barrel in July to less than $43 a barrel on Dec. 19.

        Rel: plunge
        Arg1: in oil prices
        Arg3: from $148 a barrel in July
        Arg4: to less than $43 a barrel on Dec. 19.

Roleset id: plunge.02 , immerse forcefully, dive into water or metaphorically dive into sth, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

plunge.02: PLUNGE-V NOTES: Frames file for 'plunge' based on survey of initial sentences of big corpus and comparison with 'fall' (from plunge.02-v predicate notes) PLUNGE-N NOTES: Roleset based on verb entry plunge.02; corresponds to VN class escape-51.1-2. and meander-47.7 (from plunge.02-n)


plunge (v.)
plunge (n.)


        Arg0-PAG: placer, causer of immersion
        Arg1-PPT: thing being immersed (vnrole: 51.1-theme)
        Arg2-LOC: in what (vnrole: 51.1-destination)

Example: ergative

        "Attention" yelled our pilot as our basket plunged into the canal.

        Arg1: our basket
        Rel: plunged
        Arg2: into the canal

Example: agentive

        We scuttled along for a few feet before he plunged us into the drink again.

        Arg0: he
        Rel: plunged
        Arg1: us
        Arg2: into the drink
        Argm-tmp: again

Example: non-liquid arg2

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        I-1 once found myself holding a steak knife - ready *PRO*-1 to plunge it into my chest .

        Arg0: *PRO*-1
        Rel: plunge
        Arg1: it
        Arg2: into my chest

Example: Agent and plunger conflated in arg0

        His plunge into the pool made a great splash.

        Arg0: his
        Rel: plunge
        Arg2: into the pool

Example: Non-agentive plunger: arg1

        He recalls the majesty of the river's plunge into the abyss.

        Arg1: the river's
        Rel: plunge
        Arg2: into the abyss

Example: All arguments

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        He began his final plunge of the knife into Jimac's heart.

        Arg0: his
        Argm-tmp: final
        Rel: plunge
        Arg1: of the knife
        Arg2: into Jimac's heart