Predicate: pass

Roleset id: pass.01 , bill becomes law, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass.01: PASS-V NOTES: Frames file for 'pass' based on survey of initial sentences of big corpus and comparison with 'fail', 'give', 'send', and reference toverbnet classes give-13.1, send-11.1, and throw-17.1. There areprobably a million senses and phrasals I've missed; the syntax tendsto be pretty straightforward, so if you encounter them while taggingjust go ahead and add them. (from pass.01-v predicate notes) PASSING-N NOTES: Added by Julia based on on499-nouns-be. (from passing.03-n) PASSAGE-N NOTES: Based on sentences in nouns-00040. Comparison to pass.01. No VN class. Framed by Katie. (from passage.01-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass (v.)
passing (n.)
passage (n.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: legislative body
        Arg1-PPT: bill, state prior to passing
        Arg2-PRD: law, state after passing

Example: pass-v: passive

        The Senate-House conference committee is used when [a bill]-1 is passed*trace*-1 by the House and Senate in different forms.

        Arg1: *trace*
        Rel: passed
        Arg0: by the House and Senate
        Argm-mnr: in different forms

Example: pass-v: distinguishing arg1 from arg2

        John passed the bill into law.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: passed
        Arg1: the bill
        Arg2: into law

Example: passing-n: arg1

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        On 14 February , in a statement in which he spoke of a " painful choice " and his " undying determination , " Premier Chang Chun - hsiung announced the resumption of work on the Fourth Nuclear Power Plant , and identified the passing of a plebiscite law as the most important topic for renewed cross-party consultation .

        Rel: passing
        Arg1: of a plebiscite law

Example: passage-n: Args 0 and 1

        congressional and presidential passage of an increase in the federal debt ceiling

        Arg0: congressional and presidential
        Rel: passage
        Arg1: of an increase in the federal debt ceiling

Example: passage-n: arg 1 only

        passage of two constitutional amendment bills

        Rel: passage
        Arg1: of two constitutional amendment bills

Roleset id: pass.02 , overtake, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass.02: PASS-V NOTES: Frames file for 'pass' based on survey of initial sentences of big corpus and comparison with 'fail', 'give', 'send', and reference toverbnet classes give-13.1, send-11.1, and throw-17.1. There areprobably a million senses and phrasals I've missed; the syntax tendsto be pretty straightforward, so if you encounter them while taggingjust go ahead and add them. (from pass.02-v predicate notes)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: entity moving ahead
        Arg1-PPT: entity falling behind

Example: pass-v: transitive

        [A couple of my law clerks]-1 were going *trace*-1 to pass me in three orfour years.

        Arg0: *trace*
        Rel: pass
        Arg1: me
        Argm-tmp: in three or four years.

Roleset id: pass.03 , go by, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass.03: PASS-V NOTES: Frames file for 'pass' based on survey of initial sentences of big corpus and comparison with 'fail', 'give', 'send', and reference toverbnet classes give-13.1, send-11.1, and throw-17.1. There areprobably a million senses and phrasals I've missed; the syntax tendsto be pretty straightforward, so if you encounter them while taggingjust go ahead and add them. (from pass.03-v predicate notes) PASSAGE-N NOTES: Based on sentences in nouns-00040. Comparison to pass.03. Vn class spend_time-104. Framed by Katie. (from passage.02-n) PASSED-J NOTES: Automatically created by Julia as an alias file for unification. (from passed.03-j)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass (v.)
passed (j.)
passage (n.)

Roles:

        Arg1-PPT: thing passing (vnrole: 47.7-theme, 48.3-theme)

Example: pass-v: time passes

        Hardly a day passes without news photos of the police dragging limp protestors from some building.

        Arg1: Hardly a day
        Rel: passes
        Argm-adv: without news photos of the police dragging limp protestors from some building

Example: passage-n: arg 1 as a modifier

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        time's passage

        Arg1: time's
        Rel: passage

Example: passage-n: non-time example (meaning 'to go by')

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        completely free passage is to be ensured

        Argm: completely free
        Rel: passage

Roleset id: pass.04 , allow to go by, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass.04: PASS-V NOTES: Frames file for 'pass' based on survey of initial sentences of big corpus and comparison with 'fail', 'give', 'send', and reference toverbnet classes give-13.1, send-11.1, and throw-17.1. There areprobably a million senses and phrasals I've missed; the syntax tendsto be pretty straightforward, so if you encounter them while taggingjust go ahead and add them. (from pass.04-v predicate notes)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: allower (vnrole: 66-agent, 104-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing let go by (vnrole: 66-asset, 104-theme)

Example: pass-v: no object

        Faced with a losing poker hand, John passed.

        Argm-adv: Faced with a losing poker hand
        Arg0: John
        Rel: passed

Example: pass-v: NP object

        Warner has passed *trace*-1, or chosen not to produce, [at least 76]-1.

        Arg0: Warner
        Rel: passed
        Arg1: *trace*

Example: pass-v: PP object

        John passed on the opportunity to go spelunking.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: passed
        Arg1: on the opportunity to go spelunking

Roleset id: pass.05 , give, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass.05: PASS-V NOTES: Similarly "pass_along", which is often misparsed in Treebank. (from pass.05-v) PASS-N NOTES: Roleset baesd on verb entry pass.05. Corresponds to VN class give-13.1. (from pass.02-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass (v.)
pass (n.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: giver (vnrole: 13.1-agent, 17.1-1-agent, 11.1-1-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing changing hands (vnrole: 13.1-theme, 17.1-1-theme, 11.1-1-theme)
        Arg2-GOL: getter (vnrole: 13.1-recipient, 17.1-1-destination, 11.1-1-destination)

Example: pass-v: idiomatic meaning, compositional syntax

        He is just passing the buck to young people.

        Arg0: He
        Argm-dis: just
        Rel: passing
        Arg1: the buck
        Arg2: to young people

Example: pass-n: All arguments

        His pass of the ball to the other team's player was infamous.

        Arg0: his
        Rel: pass
        Arg1: of the ball
        Arg2: to the other team's player

Roleset id: pass.06 , suffice, get away (with), Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass.06: PASS-V NOTES: Can also be "pass as" (from pass.06-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass (v.)

Roles:

        Arg1-PPT: thing passing
        Arg2-PRD: attributive

Example: pass-v: pass for

        ...the claptrap that *trace* passes for consensus in various international institutions.

        Arg1: *trace*
        Argm-rcl: that -> the claptrap
        Rel: passes
        Arg2: for consensus
        Argm-loc: in various international institutions.

Roleset id: pass.07 , pass a class, pass a test, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass.07: PASS-V NOTES: One presumes the test itself is not lighter than air. (from pass.07-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass (v.)

Roles:

        Arg1-PAG: student
        Arg2-PPT: test

Example: pass-v: success!

        The number of balloonists who *trace* have passed a Federal Aviation Authority lighter-than-air test has doubled in the last year.

        Arg1: *trace*
        Argm-rcl: who -> The number of balloonists
        Rel: passed
        Arg2: a Federal Aviation Authority lighter-than-air test

Roleset id: pass.08 , push through a passage (like a clot), Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass.08: PASS-V NOTES: Reframed by Julia. No VNcls. (from pass.08-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: passer
        Arg1-PPT: thing passed (clot, gas, kidney stone, etc)

Example: pass-v: whoever smelt it...

        Cruz then allegedly moved closer to one of the officers and passed gas, the station reported.

        Arg0: Cruz
        Argm-tmp: then
        Argm-adv: allegedly
        Rel: passed
        Arg1: gas

Example: pass-v: Bladder sharks?

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Recently I passed a kidney stone that looked like a shark's tooth.

        Argm-tmp: Recently
        Arg0: I
        Rel: passed
        Arg1: a kidney stone that looked like a shark's tooth

Example: pass-v: Why are all these examples so painful?

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        My partner passed a blood clot in his urine today after falling through his ceiling about 2 weeks ago and bruising his boy bits.

        Arg0: My partner
        Rel: passed
        Arg1: a blood clot
        Argm-mnr: in his urine
        Argm-tmp: today
        Argm-tmp: after falling through his ceiling about 2 weeks ago and bruising his boy bits

Example: pass-v: non-medical/bodily-function-related

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        If the line passed a clog, it's probably sitting in your filter causing a by-pass situation.

        Arg0: the line
        Rel: passed
        Arg1: a clog

Roleset id: pass.20 , die, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass.20: PASS-V NOTES: Based on Sharp data. Comparison to pass.15. No VN class. FN class process_end. Framed by Katie. (from pass.20-v) PASSING-N NOTES: Added by Julia based on on499-nouns-be. (from passing.02-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass (v.)process_end
passing (n.)

Roles:

        Arg1-PPT: entity dying

Example: passing-n: only arg

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        We talked about her husband's passing in March.

        Arg1: her husband's
        Rel: passing

Example: passing-n: arg1

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Zemin Jiang , president of the People 's Republic of China , and Peng Li , premier of the State Council , sent a telegraph of condolences on the 23rd on the passing of former US President , Richard Nixon .

        Rel: passing
        Arg1: of former US President, Richard Nixon

Roleset id: pass.21 , overtake, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass.21: PASS-N NOTES: Roleset based on verb entry pass.02. (from pass.01-n) PASSING-N NOTES: Added by Julia based on pass-n.01, pass-v.02. No VNcls. (from passing.01-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
passing (n.)
pass (n.)
make_pass (l.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: entity moving ahead
        Arg1-PPT: entity falling behind

Example: make_pass-l: Within LVC all arguments

        Disaster almost struck as Erik made his pass of the leader on the 13th lap.

        Arg0: Erik
        Argm-lvb: made)
        Rel: pass
        Arg1: of the leader
        Argm-tmp: on the 13th lap

Example: passing-n: in passing

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        SAw the punch in passing , looked a decent one - two .

        Rel: passing

Example: passing-n: Both args

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        I think his passing her in the stair-well is simply him not knowing what to do with a distraught woman

        Arg0: his
        Rel: passing
        Arg1: her
        Argm-loc: in the stair-well

Roleset id: pass.22 , make a pass at, attempt something (esp flirtation), Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass.22: PASS-N NOTES: Roleset based on instances in wsj. Comparison to verb-attempt.01. (from pass.03-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass (n.)
make_pass (l.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: entity attempting something
        Arg1-PPT: thing attempted (often "at" phrase)

Example: make_pass-l: Flirtatious pass, within LVC

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Josh makes clumsy passes at Kate when she 's seething with anger and fear , but we know from the outset that he 's not a member of the evil patriarchy .

        Arg0: Josh
        Argm-lvb: makes
        Argm-mnr: clumsy
        Rel: passes
        Arg1: at Kate
        Argm-tmp: when she's seething with anger and fear


Predicate: pass_by

Roleset id: pass_by.17 , overtake, go past, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass_by.17: PASS_BY-V NOTES: (from pass.17-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass_by (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: entity moving ahead; passing entity
        Arg1-PPT: entity falling behind; thing passed

Example: pass_by-v

        ... an important official or a member of the gentry passed by in a carriage or sedan chair...

        Arg0: an important official or a member of the gentry
        Rel: [passed] [by]
        Argm-mnr: in a carriage or sedan chair


Predicate: pass_off

Roleset id: pass_off.18 , offer for acceptance under false pretext, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass_off.18: PASS_OFF-V NOTES: Frame created by Jena (from pass.18-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass_off (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: faker
        Arg1-PPT: thing offered
        Arg2-GOL: (possibly) duped judge
        Arg3-PRD: fake attribute of Arg1

Example: pass_off-v

        The charges ran the gamut from not filling out proper forms to *-1 purchasing phoney export contracts and trying *-1 to pass them off to customs.

        Arg0: *-1
        Rel: [pass] [off]
        Arg1: them
        Arg2: to customs

Example: pass_off-v: with arg3

        John-1 tried *-1 to pass himself off as an airline pilot.

        Arg0: *-1
        Rel: [pass] [off]
        Arg1: himself
        Arg3: as an airline pilot


Predicate: pass_on

Roleset id: pass_on.09 , give, pass_on: give, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass_on.09: PASS_ON-V NOTES: frame by Perryn (from pass.09-v predicate notes) PASSING_ON-N NOTES: Added Julia base (from passing.04-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass_on (v.)
passing_on (n.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: giver (vnrole: 11.1-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing changing hands (vnrole: 11.1-theme)
        Arg2-GOL: getter (vnrole: 11.1-destination)

Example: pass_on-v: give

        Insurers typically pass on a small percentage of the risks they underwrite (to their customers).

        Arg0: Insurers
        Argm-tmp: typically
        Rel: [pass] [on]
        Arg1: a small percentage of the risks they underwrite
        Arg2: to their customers

Example: passing_on-n: args 1, 2

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        But the alertness of the road guards prevented the passing of this quantity on to our youth .

        Rel: [passing][on]
        Arg1: of this quantity
        Arg2: to our youth

Roleset id: pass_on.19 , to move past, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass_on.19: PASS_ON-V NOTES: frame by Perryn (from pass.19-v predicate notes)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass_on (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: mover (vnrole: 11.1-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing moved, package (vnrole: 11.1-theme)
        Arg2-DIR: moved from (vnrole: 11.1-initial_location)
        Arg3-GOL: moved to (vnrole: 11.1-destination)

Example: pass_on-v: sending a package

        He passed on the package from Mary to John.

        Arg0: He
        Rel: passed on
        Arg1: the package
        Arg2: Mary
        Arg3: John

Roleset id: pass_on.14 , transmit, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass_on.14: PASS_ON-V NOTES: frame by Perryn (from pass.14-v predicate notes)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass_on (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: transmitter (vnrole: 11.1-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing transmitted (vnrole: 11.1-theme)
        Arg2-GOL: transmitted to (vnrole: 11.1-destination)

Example: pass_on-v: passive

        Both the costs and the savings could be passed on to shippers on the TransCanada pipeline.

        Arg1: Both the costs and the savings
        Argm-mod: could
        Rel: [passed] [on]
        Arg2: to shippers on the TransCanada pipeline.

Roleset id: pass_on.15 , die, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass_on.15: PASS_ON-V NOTES: Frame edited by Arrick (from pass.15-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass_on (v.)

Roles:

        Arg1-PPT: thing dying

Example: pass_on-v: so sorry

        John's cat passed on last week.

        Arg1: John's cat
        Rel: [passed] [on]
        Argm-tmp: last week


Predicate: pass_out

Roleset id: pass_out.10 , distribute, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass_out.10: PASS_OUT-V NOTES: (from pass.10-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass_out (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: distributor (vnrole: 13.2-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing distributed (vnrole: 13.2-theme)
        Arg2-GOL: distributed to (vnrole: 13.2-recipient)

Example: pass_out-v: passive

        [The test booklets]-1 were passed *trace*-1 out 48 hours ahead of time.

        Arg1: *trace*
        Rel: [passed] [out]
        Argm-tmp: 48 hours ahead of time

Roleset id: pass_out.11 , faint, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass_out.11: PASS_OUT-V NOTES: (from pass.11-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass_out (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: fainter

Example: pass_out-v: sexist, sorry

        Mary passes out at the sight of blood.

        Arg0: Mary
        Rel: [passes] [out]
        Argm-tmp: at the sight of blood


Predicate: pass_over

Roleset id: pass_over.12 , ignore, leave behind, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass_over.12: PASS_OVER-V NOTES: (from pass.12-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass_over (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: ignorer
        Arg1-PPT: thing ignored

Example: pass_over-v: transitive active

        ...a small French merchant bank that Deutsche Bank had looked at and passed *trace* over.

        Arg0: Deutsche Bank
        Rel: [passed] [over]
        Arg1: *trace*
        Argm-rcl: that -> a small French merchant bank


Predicate: pass_up

Roleset id: pass_up.13 , relinquish, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass_up.13: PASS_UP-V NOTES: Similarly "pass_by" (from pass.13-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass_up (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: entity relinquishing one item
        Arg1-PPT: item relinquished
        Arg2-PPT: in favor of another

Example: pass_up-v: transitive

        Gorbachev-1 is unlikely *trace*-1 to pass up the opportunity to press once again for negotiated cuts in the navies of both nations.

        Arg0: *trace*
        Rel: [pass] [up]
        Arg1: the opportunity to press once again for negotiated cuts in the navies of both nations


Predicate: pass_away

Roleset id: pass_away.16 , die, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

pass_away.16: PASS_AWAY-V NOTES: Frame added by Arrick (from pass.16-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
pass_away (v.)

Roles:

        Arg1-PPT: dead entity

Example: pass_away-v: die

        but you have [unintellegible] 0 Lewis Powell was one of your sources because he 'spassed away.

        Arg1: he
        Rel: [passed] [away]