Predicate: low

Roleset id: low.01 , make the characteristic noise of a cow, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

low.01: LOW-V NOTES: Frames file for 'low' based on dictionary.com. Verbnet entry 38. (from low.01-v predicate notes)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
low (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: low-er (vnrole: 38-Agent)

Example: low-v: Bovine

        The cattle lowed in the field.

        Arg0: The cattle
        Rel: lowed
        ArgM-LOC: in the field

Roleset id: low.02 , be depressed, in poor spirits, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

low.02: LOW-J NOTES: Added by Julia based on BOLT-1, comparison to high.02. (from low.02-j)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
low (j.)

Roles:

        Arg0-CAU: cause of depression
        Arg1-PPT: entity in low spirits

Example: low-j: both args

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        *PRO* Feeling low from the weather?

        Arg1: *PRO*
        Rel: low
        Arg0: from the weather

Roleset id: low.03 , be unrefined, base, immoral, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

low.03: LOW-J NOTES: Added by Julia based on WordNet, FrameNet. (from low.03-j)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
low (j.)Morality_evaluation Social_desirability

Roles:

        Arg1-PAG: low entity/action (may require concatenation)

Example: low-j: empty it, concatenation

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Some men thought that even if Wes's accusations against Old Bill were true, it was low of him to make them after all these years.

        Rel: low
        Arg1: [to make them after all these years][of him]

Roleset id: low.04 , be in the lower ranges, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

low.04: LOW-J NOTES: Added by Julia based on BOLT-1, comparison to high.01. Corresponds somewhat to lower-v.01. (from low.01-j) LOWER-J NOTES: Automatically created by Julia as an alias file for unification. (from lower.01-j)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
low (j.)Position_on_a_scale Measurable_attributes
lower (j.)

Roles:

        Arg1-PAG: entity in the lower ranges
        Arg2-VSP: the lower ranges of what (domain)
        Arg3-VSP: actual measurment

Example: low-j: both args

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        It is low in altitude compared to the rest of the mountain, being only 1200m above sea level.

        Arg1: It
        Rel: low
        Arg2: in altitude
        Argm-adv: compared to the rest of the mountain
        Argm-adv: being only 1200m above sea level

Example: low-j: both args

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Feinberg et al. [27] found that raising and lowering the pitch of female voices by 20 Hz had a stronger effect on voices that-1 [*-1]were low in pitch before being manipulated than on voices that were average-pitched or high-pitched before manipulation.

        Arg1: [*-1]
        Rel: low
        Arg2: in pitch
        Argm-tmp: before being manipulated


Predicate: lower

Roleset id: lower.05 , cause to go down, esp of financial usage, decreasing, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

lower.05: LOWER-V NOTES: Frames file for 'lower' based on sentences in financial subcorpus. No access to verbnet. Comparison with 'drop' and similar verbs of incremental downward movement. (from lower.01-v predicate notes) LOWERING-N NOTES: (from lowering.01-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
lower (v.)
lowering (n.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: entity moving something downward (vnrole: 9.4-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: Logical subject, patient, thing going down (vnrole: 9.4-theme)
        Arg2-EXT: EXT, amount gone down by
        Arg3-DIR: start point
        Arg4-GOL: end point, end state of arg1

Example: lower-v: just transitive

        The upgrade reflected the 20% decline in shares of the bank since the firm lowered its rating in early October, based on the belief the stock had become expensive.

        Arg0: the firm
        Rel: lowered
        Arg1: its rating
        Argm-tmp: in early October
        Argm-cau: based on the belief the stock had become expensive

Example: lower-v: start and end points

        Standard& Poor's Corp. lowered the rating on Crossland's preferred stock to double-C from single-B-minus and placed it on CreditWatch for possible further downgrade.

        Arg0: Standard& Poor's Corp.
        Rel: lowered
        Arg1: the rating on Crossland's preferred stock
        Arg4: to double-C
        Arg3: from single-B-minus

Example: lower-v: with EXT

        John lowered his expectations precisely 15.3598435%.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: lowered
        Arg1: his expectations
        Arg2: precisely 15.3598435%

Example: lower-v: With Causer

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Statins also lower LDL, and so people assume that the benefit of statins is due to their lowering of LDL.

        Arg0: their
        Rel: lowering
        Arg1: of LDL