Predicate: lead

Roleset id: lead.01 , directed motion, be ahead of, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

lead.01: LEAD-V NOTES: Member of Vncls accompany-51.7. (from lead.01-v) LEAD-N NOTES: Member of Vncls accompany-51.7. (from lead.01-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
lead (v.)Cotheme
lead (n.)
leading (n.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: leader (vnrole: 51.7-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: in the lead of (vnrole: 51.7-theme)
        Arg2-EXT: extent
        Arg3-DIR: start point
        Arg4-GOL: end point (vnrole: 51.7-destination)

Example: lead-v: cause to go

        John led the unhappy group of travellers from the frying pan to the fire.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: led
        Arg1: the unhappy group of travellers
        Arg3: from the frying pan
        Arg4: to the fire

Example: lead-v: be ranked higher than

        California led the nation with $6.5 billion in net cash income last year.

        Arg0: California
        Rel: led
        Arg1: the nation
        Argm-mnr: with $6.5 billion in net cash income
        Argm-tmp: last year

Example: lead-n: autogen1

        Compaq's six-month lead on the competition

        Arg0: Compaq's
        Arg2: six-month
        Rel: lead
        Arg1: on the competition

Example: lead-n: autogen2

        a 33-point lead in the polls over Mr. Giuliani

        Arg2: 33-point
        Rel: lead
        Argm-loc: in the polls
        Arg1: over Mr. Giuliani

Roleset id: lead.02 , act as project leader, be the leader, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

lead.02: LEAD-V NOTES: Member of Vncls supervision-95.2.2. (from lead.02-v) LEADERSHIP-N NOTES: Updated by Julia. (from leadership.01-n) LEAD-N NOTES: Updated by Julia. (from lead.02-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
lead (v.)Leadership
lead (n.)Leadership
take_lead (l.)
leadership (n.)Leadership
leading (n.)

Roles:

        This is very rare as a nominalization. (from lead.02-n)
        Arg0-PAG: leader (vnrole: 95.2.2-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: entity lead (vnrole: 95.2.2-co-agent)
        Arg2-PRD: proposition

Example: lead-v: group

        Dr. Talcott led a team of researchers from the National Cancer Institute and the medical schools of Harvard University and Boston University.

        Arg0: Dr. Talcott
        Rel: led
        Arg1: a team of researchers from the National Cancer Institute and the medical schools of Harvard University and Boston University

Example: leadership-n: with MNR

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        responsible and bipartisan leadership

        Argm-mnr: responsible and bipartisan
        Rel: leadership

Example: leadership-n: arg2 as proposition

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        his leadership in bringing peaceful and democratic change to Yugoslavia

        Arg0: his
        Rel: leadership
        Arg2: in bringing peaceful and democratic change to Yugoslovia

Example: leadership-n: arg1

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        market leadership

        Arg1: market
        Rel: leadership

Example: leadership-n: another arg2 proposition

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        his leadership during his term in Congress in expanding family - planning services for the poor

        Arg0: his
        Rel: leadership
        Argm-tmp: during his term in Congress
        Arg2: in expanding family - planning services for the poor

Example: lead-n: very rare example

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        his lead of the company on tour in James's absence

        Arg0: his
        Rel: lead
        Arg1: of the company
        Argm-loc: on tour
        Argm-cau: in James's absence

Roleset id: lead.03 , cause a result, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

lead.03: LEAD-V NOTES: Vn updated by Julia. Member of Vncls force-59.1 and result-27.2. (from lead.03-v) LEAD-N NOTES: Updated by Julia. Member of Vncls force-59.1. (from lead.03-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
lead (v.)Talking_into59.1, 27.2
lead (n.)Talking_into
leading (n.)

Roles:

        This is also rare as a nominalization. (from lead.03-n)
        Arg0-PAG: factors (vnrole: 59.1-agent, 27.2-cause)
        Arg1-PPT: led entity (vnrole: 59.1-patient)
        Arg2-PRD: result, action or attribute on arg1 (vnrole: 59.1-result, 27.2-theme)

Example: lead-v: NP complement

        It was just another one of the risk factors that-1 *trace*-1 led to the company's decision to withdraw from the bidding.

        Arg0: *trace*-1 (= that)
        Argm-slc: that -> just another one of the risk factors
        Rel: led
        Arg2: to the company's decision to withdraw from the bidding

Example: lead-v: S complement

        It does lead you to suspect imports are going down.

        Arg0: It
        Rel: lead
        Arg1: you
        Arg2: to suspect imports are going down

Example: lead-v: passive

        person: third,  tense: past,  aspect: ns,  voice: passive,  form: participle

        John-1 was led *trace*-1 to believe that the moon was made of green cheese.

        Rel: led
        Arg1: *trace*-1
        Arg2: to believe that the moon was made of green cheese

Example: lead-n: arg0

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        The state of California , following the lead of some regionalparks , recently adopted regulations that closed nearly allhiking paths in state parks to mountain bicycles .

        Rel: lead
        Arg0: of some regional parks

Example: lead-n: with LOC

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        follow the US lead in the OAS

        Arg0: US
        Rel: lead
        Argm-loc: in the OAS

Example: lead-n: subject matter of lead

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        A month later , U.S. and Pakistani force has a lead on Osama Bin Laden , but by the time they moved in , he had vanished again .

        Rel: lead
        Argm-adj: on Osama Bin Laden

Example: lead-n: args 0 and 2

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        ...Fidelity Investments and other large mutual - fund companies might soon follow the lead of Kemper Corp. and other institutions in cutting off trading business to securities firms that do program trading .

        Rel: lead
        Arg0: of Kemper Corp. and other institutions
        Arg2: in cutting off trading business to securities firms that do program trading


Predicate: lead_off

Roleset id: lead_off.04 , begin, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

lead_off.04: LEAD_OFF-V NOTES: This probably won't occur, but for other possible structures refer to "begin" (from lead.04-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
lead_off (v.)
leading_off (n.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: creator, beginner, Agent
        Arg1-PPT: Theme(-Creation)
        Arg2-MNR: Instrument
        Arg3-PRD: secondary predication of arg1

Example: lead_off-v: begin

        John led off the party with a raunchy toast.

        Arg0: John
        Rel: [led] [off]
        Arg1: the party
        Arg2: with a raunchy toast


Predicate: lead_up

Roleset id: lead_up.05 , precede, spatially or temporally, terminating at a determined point, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

lead_up.05: LEAD_UP-V NOTES: Roleset for 'lead up' based on instances in webtext 2.5 (500-599). No VerbNet entry. Framed by Claire (from lead.05-v) LEAD_UP-N NOTES: Added by Julia based on lead-v.05: lead_up. No Vncls. (from lead.05-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
lead_up (v.)
lead_up (n.)
leading_up (n.)

Roles:

        Arg1-PPT: thing leading up
        Arg2-CAU: terminus

Example: lead_up-v

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        in March 2003 Jackson distraction - o - mania was part of the media smokescreen that-1 *T*-1 led up to the Iraq war ...

        Argm-slc: that -> the media smokescreen
        Arg1: *T*-1 (= that)
        Rel: [led] [up]
        Arg2: to the Iraq war

Example: lead_up-v: with arg2

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        The Lead-Up to the 37th Annual Telluride Film Festival

        Rel: lead-up
        Arg2: to the 37th Annual Telluride Film Festival

Example: lead_up-v

        The driveway leading up to my studio loft is 50 yards long .

        Arg1: The driveway
        Rel: [leading][up]
        Arg2: to my studio loft

Example: lead_up-n: with arg1

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        his lead up to his current position

        Arg1: his
        Rel: lead up
        Arg2: to his current destination

Example: lead_up-n: another arg2

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        the lead up of the 2009 Depression

        Rel: lead up
        Arg2: of the 2009 Depression