Predicate: hold

Roleset id: hold.01 , grasp, bear, keep, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

hold.01: HOLD-V NOTES: hold against: (two meanings) (from hold.01-v) HOLDING-N NOTES: (from holding.01-n) HOLD-N NOTES: Roleset based on verb entry hold.01. (from hold.01-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
hold (v.)15.1 49.2 15.2 100.1 15.3
hold (n.)
holding (n.)
get_hold (l.)
get_ahold (l.)

Roles:

        Higher roles haven't appeared, and perhaps will only appear with "holding" as opposed to "hold". (from hold.01-n)
        Arg0-PAG: holder (vnrole: 15.1-agent, 49.2-agent, 15.2-agent, 100.1-pivot, 15.3-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing held (vnrole: 15.1-theme, 49.2-theme, 15.2-theme, 100.1-theme, 15.3-theme)
        Arg2-GOL: benefactive
        Arg3-PRD: secondary attribute of arg1

Example: hold-v: just transitive

        WR Grace& Co holds a 83.4% interest in the company.

        Arg0: WR Grace& Co
        Rel: holds
        Arg1: a 83.4% interest in the company

Example: hold-v: with secondary attribute

        Mr. Steinhardt holds USAir as a an investment.

        Arg0: Mr. Steinhardt
        Rel: holds
        Arg1: USAir
        Arg3: as an investment

Example: hold-v: hold against

        [John's violent outbursts]-1 are held *trace*-1 against him.

        Arg1: *trace*-1
        Rel: are held
        Arg2: against him

Example: hold-n: just transitive

        He would not let go his hold of the angel until he blessed him.

        Arg0: his
        Rel: hold
        Arg1: of the angel

Roleset id: hold.02 , grant, view, declare, believing, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

hold.02: HOLD-V NOTES: taking a clause or a small clause, may require concatenation (from hold.02-v) HOLDING-N NOTES: (from holding.02-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
hold (v.)
holding (n.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: holder / thinker (vnrole: 29.5-1-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing held (vnrole: 29.5-1-theme, 29.5-1-predicate)

Example: hold-v: with a small clause and concatenation

        [The refund pool]-1 may not be held *-1 hostage

        Rel: held
        Arg1: [[The refund pool]-1], [*-1 hostage]

Example: hold-v: thing held is a sentence

        The Supreme Court held that legislative vetoes are unconstitutional.

        Arg0: The Supreme Court
        Rel: held
        Arg1: that legislative vetoes are unconstitutional

Roleset id: hold.03 , keep, last, maintaining, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

hold.03: HOLD-V NOTES: (from hold.03-v) HOLDING-N NOTES: (from holding.03-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
hold (v.)55.6
holding (n.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: agent (vnrole: 55.6-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing lasting (vnrole: 55.6-theme)
        Arg2-PRD: attribute of arg1 (usually a PP)

Example: stock report

        UAL held at a slightly lower level through most of the session.

        Arg1: UAL
        Rel: held
        Arg2: at a slightly lower level
        Argm-tmp: through most of the session

Roleset id: hold.04 , conduct, hosting, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

hold.04: HOLD-V NOTES: (from hold.04-v) HOLDING-N NOTES: (from holding.04-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
holding (n.)
hold (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: conductor
        Arg1-PPT: thing held
        Arg2-COM: with whom

Example: hold-v: let's have a meeting

        GM's UK unit holds crucial talks today with union officials.

        Arg0: GM's UK unit
        Rel: holds
        Arg1: crucial talks
        Argm-tmp: today
        Arg2: with union officials

Example: hold-v: passive variant (took place)

        [A buffet breakfast]-1 was held *trace*-1 in the museum.

        Rel: was held
        Arg1: *trace*-1
        Argm-loc: in the museum

Example: hold-v: Arg2 as benefactive

        John held a party for Mary

        Arg0: John
        Rel: held
        Arg1: a party
        Arg2: for Mary

Roleset id: hold.13 , to have or contain (usually abstract), having or containing, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

hold.13: HOLD-V NOTES: Roleset added by Miriam. (from hold.13-v) HOLDING-N NOTES: (from holding.13-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
hold (v.)
holding (n.)

Roles:

        Arg0-LOC: container, possessor, influencer (vnrole: 54.3-location)
        Arg1-VSP: contents, attribute (vnrole: 54.3-value)

Example: hold-v: what the future holds

        [*PRO*] Give us your insights as to what you think [0]the future holds [*T*-1].

        Arg0: the future
        Rel: holds
        Arg1: [*T*-1]

Example: hold-v: hold clues

        The package doesn't hold any clues.

        Arg0: The package
        Argm-neg: n't
        Rel: hold
        Arg1: any clues

Roleset id: hold.14 , adhere to, follow, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

hold.14: HOLD-V NOTES: Frame for hold based on instances in webtext 2.5
        (800-899). No relevant framenet or verbnet entry. Comparison to
        adhere. Framed by Katie. (from hold.14-v) HOLDING-N NOTES: (from holding.14-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
hold (v.)
holding (n.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: Follower
        Arg1-PPT: Policy/rule/given path

Example: hold-v: Transative verb example

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Bunuel stated that he and Dali held to only one rule during the production.

        Arg0: He and Dali
        Rel: Held
        Arg1: to only one rule
        Argm-tmp: during the production


Predicate: hold_on

Roleset id: hold_on.05 , wait, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

hold_on.05: HOLD_ON-V NOTES: only as imperative, to my mind, and thus takes only a blank *trace* as Arg0 (from hold.05-v) HOLDING_ON-N NOTES: (from holding.05-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
hold_on (v.)
holding_on (n.)

Roles:

        Arg1-PPT: entity waiting

Example: hold_on-v: ok, I was wrong

        I-1'm going *trace*-1 to hold on.

        Arg1: *trace*-1
        Rel: hold on

Roleset id: hold_on.06 , grasp, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

hold_on.06: HOLD_ON-V NOTES: (from hold.06-v) HOLDING_ON-N NOTES: (from holding.06-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
hold_on (v.)
holding_on (n.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: holder (vnrole: 15.1-1-agent)
        Arg1-PPT: thing held (vnrole: 15.1-1-theme)
        Arg2-GOL: benefactive

Example: hold_on-v: hold me loosely

        Spooked investors should hold on tight to their Jaguar shares.

        Arg0: Spooked investors
        Argm-mod: should
        Rel: hold on
        Argm-mnr: tight
        Arg1: to their Jaguar shares


Predicate: hold_back

Roleset id: hold_back.07 , restrain, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

hold_back.07: HOLD_BACK-V NOTES: (from hold.07-v) HOLDING_BACK-N NOTES: (from holding.07-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
hold_back (v.)
holding_back (n.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: restrainer
        Arg1-PPT: thing being restrained
        Arg2-DIR: thing being held back from

Example: hold_off-v: march of progress, and all that

        You can't hold back technology.

        Arg0: You
        Argm-neg: n't
        Rel: hold back
        Arg1: technology


Predicate: hold_off

Roleset id: hold_off.08 , wait, delay, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

hold_off.08: HOLD_OFF-V NOTES: (from hold.08-v) HOLDING_OFF-N NOTES: (from holding.08-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
hold_off (v.)
holding_off (n.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: waiter, delayer
        Arg1-PPT: thing delayed

Example: hold_off-v: usually with temporal

        Many customers were holding off on purchase decisions until the takeover was completed.

        Arg0: Many customers
        Rel: holding off
        Arg1: on purchase decisions
        Argm-tmp: until the takeover was completed.


Predicate: hold_out

Roleset id: hold_out.09 , wait, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

hold_out.09: HOLD_OUT-V NOTES: (from hold.09-v) HOLDING_OUT-N NOTES: (from holding.09-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
hold_out (v.)
holding_out (n.)

Roles:

        Arg1-PPT: wait-er (not waiter, that's the other sense)
        Arg2-GOL: thing waited for
        Argm-TMP: period of time waited through

Example: hold_out-v: a better offer

        UAL's board might hold out for a new bid much closer to the original levels.

        Arg1: UAL's board
        Argm-mod: might
        Rel: hold out
        Arg2: for a new bid much closer to the original levels.

Roleset id: hold_out.15 , continue, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

hold_out.15: HOLD_OUT-V NOTES: Roleset based on instances from wsj roleset
        corrections. Framed by Claire. (from hold.15-v) HOLDING_OUT-N NOTES: (from holding.15-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
hold_out (v.)
holding_out (n.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: Agent, causer of continuation
        Arg1-PPT: Thing continued
        Arg2-GOL: Termination point, continued/waited for what?

Example: hold_out-v: No end point mentioned

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        He also held out little hope of restitution for purchasers of $ 225 million in American Continental subordinated debt .

        Arg0: He
        Argm-adv: also
        Rel: [held] [out]
        Arg1: little hope of restitution for purchasers of $225 million in American Continental subordinated debt.

Example: hold_out-v: All arguments

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        She held out strength for the finish.

        Arg0: She
        Rel: [held] [out]
        Arg1: strength
        Arg2: for the finish.


Predicate: hold_up

Roleset id: hold_up.10 , restrain, delay, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

hold_up.10: HOLD_UP-V NOTES: Hold up can also be in the "keep" roleset: Hold the book up: upis now an attribute of book. Likewise hold down. (from hold.10-v predicate notes) HOLDING_UP-N NOTES: (from holding.10-n) HOLD_UP-N NOTES: (from hold.10-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
hold_up (v.)
holding_up (n.)
hold_up (n.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: restrainer
        Arg1-PPT: thing being restrained
        Arg2-DIR: thing being held back from

Example: hold_up-v: delay

        Nothing-1 was going *trace*-1 to hold up the long-delayed settlement of Britton vs. Thomasini.

        Arg0: *trace*-1
        Rel: hold up
        Arg1: the long-delayed settlement of Britton vs. Thomasini.

Example: hold_up-n: no args, just rel

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        wondering what 's the hold up .

        Rel: [hold][up]

Roleset id: hold_up.11 , persevere, last, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

hold_up.11: HOLD_UP-V NOTES: Hold up can also be in the "keep" roleset:
        Hold the book up: upis now an attribute of book. Likewise hold down.
        (from hold.11-v predicate notes) HOLDING_UP-N NOTES: (from holding.11-n)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
holding_up (n.)
hold_up (v.)

Roles:

        Arg1-PPT: thing lasting

Example: long lasting

        The company's price has held up well.

        Arg1: The company's price
        Rel: held up
        Argm-mnr: well


Predicate: hold_over

Roleset id: hold_over.16 , keep, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

hold_over.16: HOLD_OVER-V NOTES: Based on sentences in Temprel data. No VN or FN classes. Framed by Katie (from hold.16-v)

Aliases:

AliasFrameNetVerbNet
hold_over (v.)

Roles:

        Arg0-PAG: causer of stay
        Arg1-PPT: entity remaining
        Arg2-LOC: kept where

Example: hold_over-v: with arg M

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        PRO hold over to process lymph nodes on permanent sections

        Arg0: PRO
        Rel: hold
        Rel: over
        Argm-prp: to process lymph nodes on permanent sections

Example: hold_over-v: with arg 1

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        PRO hold both specimen over for further testing.

        Arg0: PRO
        Rel: hold
        Arg1: both specimen
        Rel: over
        Argm-prp: for further testing.