Predicate: fend

Roleset id: fend.01 , manage, survive, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

fend.01: FEND-V NOTES: Frames file for 'fend' based on sentences in financial subcorpus. No Verbnet entry. Comparison with 'ward'. (from fend.01-v predicate notes)


fend (v.)


        Arg0-PAG: entity getting by, surviving
        Arg1-PPT: REC

Example: ARG0 and ARG1

        After your first three weeks of sleep deprivation , you 're scarcely in touch with reality any more ; without psychiatric treatment , you may well be unable to fend for yourself ever again . ''

        Arg0: you
        Rel: fend
        Arg1: for yourself
        Argm-tmp: ever again

Predicate: fend_off

Roleset id: fend_off.02 , avoid, keep away, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

fend_off.02: FEND_OFF-V NOTES: (from fend.02-v)


fend_off (v.)


        Arg0-PAG: avoider, warder
        Arg1-PPT: thing avoided, warded off
        Arg2-MNR: explicit instrument

Example: transitive

        The portfolio unit of the French bank group Credit Lyonnais told stock market regulators that it-1 bought 43,000 shares of Cie. de Navigation Mixte, apparently *trace*-1 to help *trace*-1 fend off an unwelcome takeover bid for the company.

        Arg0: *trace*
        Rel: [ fend] [ off]
        Arg1: an unwelcome takeover bid for the company

Example: with instrument

        Although imports account for less than 1% of beer sales in Japan, [Asahi Breweries Ltd., which has been gaining share with its popular dry beer,]-1 plans *trace*-1 to fend off Japanese competitors by pouring $1.06 billion into facilities to brew 50% more beer.

        Arg0: *trace*
        Rel: [ fend] [ off]
        Arg1: Japanese competitors
        Arg2: by pouring $1.06 billion into facilities to brew 50% more beer