Predicate: believe

Roleset id: believe.01 , believe, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

believe.01: BELIEVE-V NOTES: VN, FN updated by Julia. Member of Vncls admire-31.2, conjecture-29.5-1, and consider-29.9-2. (from believe.01-v)


believe (v.)Religious_belief Trust Awareness Opinion Certainty


        This frame has an issue in that it can have both a theme and a predicate: "Mary believed John that he didn't eat the last piece of pie". The problem is that we've been annotating both themes and predicates as arg1, so simply making either theme or predicate arg2 will conflict with past annotation. We could add an arg2, predicate, and use it only when arg1 is already present, but that makes me sad, so let's just not mess with it until we actually see such an instance. (from believe.01-v)
        Arg0-PAG: believer (vnrole: 29.9-2-Agent, 31.2-Experiencer, 29.5-1-Agent)
        Arg1-PPT: believed (vnrole: 29.9-2-Theme, 31.2-Stimulus, 29.5-1-Theme)
        Arg2-PRD: attribute, arg1 is believed to be what? (vnrole: 29.9-2-Attribute, 29.5-1-Predicate, 31.2-Attribute)

Example: nominal complement

        Cathryn Rice could hardly believe her eyes.

        Arg0: Cathryn Rice
        Argm-mod: could
        Argm-adv: hardly
        Rel: believe
        Arg1: her eyes

Example: prepositional complement

        I believe in the system.

        Arg0: I
        Rel: believe
        Arg1: in the system

Example: sentential complement

        You believe that Seymour Cray can do it again.

        Arg0: You
        Rel: believe
        Arg1: that Seymour Cray can do it again

Example: sentential complement with passive extraction

        [The declaration by Economy Minister Nestor Rapanelli]-1 is believed *-1 to be the first time such an action has been called for.

        Rel: believed
        Arg1: [The declaration by Economy Minister Nestor Rapanelli]-1
        Arg2: *-1 to be the first time such an action has been called for

Example: light S

        Mary believes John an idiot.

        Arg0: Mary
        Rel: believes
        Arg1: John
        Arg2: an idiot

Predicate: believable

Roleset id: believable.02 , able to be believed, Source: , vncls: , framnet:

believable.02: BELIEVABLE-J NOTES: Added by Julia based on BOLT-6, relation to believe.01, unbelievable.01. (from believable.01-j)


believable (j.)


        Arg0-PAG: believer
        Arg1-PPT: belief
        Arg2-PRD: secondary predication on arg1

Example: arg1

        person: ns,  tense: ns,  aspect: ns,  voice: ns,  form: ns

        Connected to this , last year India actually took some actions as to this , and these words should be believable . We are not wrong in analyzing it this way :

        Arg1: these words
        Argm-mod: should
        Rel: believable