Commentary: the number of inhabitants (either the total number or the number of a particular race or class) in a given place (country or city etc.)
People come and go, but the population of this town stays the same.
The African-American population of Salt Lake City has been increasing.
WordNet 2.0 Sense Numbers: 4
Commentary: the people who inhabit a territory or state
The population seemed to be well fed and clothed.
The population of Neverland voted unanimously for the elimination of Captain Hook.
WordNet 2.0 Sense Numbers: 1
Commentary: a group of organisms of the same species populating a given area
They hired hunters to keep down the deer population.
The coyote population has been growing exponentially in the past few years.
WordNet 2.0 Sense Numbers: 2
Commentary: POPULATION[+event] the act of populating (causing to live in a place)
He deplored the population of colonies with convicted criminals.
The population of the ant farm took George almost six weeks.
WordNet 2.0 Sense Numbers: 5
Commentary: the entire aggregation of items from which samples can be drawn (statistics)
It is an estimate of the mean of the population.
WordNet 2.0 Sense Numbers: 3